The Supreme Court determines the terms of the largest bloc that will form the government

The Federal Supreme Court on Wednesday set the constitutional concept of the largest bloc that will be charged with forming the government, indicating that these conditions came because of the circumstances surrounding the writing of the constitution in 2005 and to create a kind of balances and understandings between the blocks of Parliament.

The court’s spokesman, Ayas al-Samuk, said in a statement received by al-Sabah: "The article (76 / I) of the constitution stipulated: (The President of the Republic, the candidate of the most parliamentary bloc, the formation of the Council of Ministers within fifteen days from the date of election President of the Republic), and it is clear that this constitutional article resolved the issue of forming the government and the task of forming the following through:

First: The concept of "the most numerous parliamentary bloc" found by the Federal Supreme Court is clear and explicit in the text of Article (76) of the Constitution, and the text of this article referred to (the parliamentary bloc), a bloc that consists of deputies in a particular assembly announced in the House of Representatives.

Today .. A second parliamentary session to discuss the elections .. And expectations that the {no quorum}

BAGHDAD / Shaima Rachid
The House of Representatives will hold a second extraordinary session on Thursday to discuss the elections and the repercussions that accompanied it. While information was reported that the session witnessed "the vote on the abolition of the elections," parliamentary sources predicted that the quorum is not complete.
Despite the objections and doubts about the results of the elections, the move to "cancel the elections" is unlikely, for several reasons, especially the difficulty of achieving a quorum, according to members of the House of Representatives, at a time when others see the Parliament has legal powers to cancel the elections.
The results of the legislative elections have generated wide controversy, prompting the Speaker of the House of Representatives Salim al-Jubouri to hold an emergency session last Saturday, but the meeting was not achieved because of the lack of completion of the quorum, making Jabouri head to the Office of the official includes the means to provide confidence in the electoral process. Emergency session

"The parliament has the legal and constitutional right to correct the democratic process and prevent it from forgery," MP Iskandar and Tut said in a press statement.
For his part, revealed a member of the House of Representatives Tawfiq al-Kaabi on the establishment of a rally on behalf of "Hama democracy" to demand the cancellation of the elections through a second extraordinary session and the preparation of a new draft law for the elections, during the remainder of the life of the current parliament. "
Al-Kaabi said in an interview with" The presence of positive reasons for the cancellation of the elections, including "cases of fraud declared by some members of the Commission," at a time when he stressed that "the parliament has the powers to issue a decision to cancel." The government may appeal the decision to cancel the elections

On the other hand, the Secretary-General of the Islamic Union of Iraqi Turkmen MP Jassim Mohammed Jaafar al-Bayati, in a press statement that "legally the right of the House of Representatives to issue a law or a decision to cancel the election, but the vote on the law and proceed in practice is very unlikely and difficult to The reasons for the first, that the completion of the quorum of meetings is not easy to achieve, as we saw in the previous emergency session and the previous meetings of the Parliament, especially that there are 50 former deputies have renewed their membership, meaning not to attend the session.
He added that "the other matter is related to the government, which will challenge the proposal of the law and win the appeal because the cancellation of the elections and need to return funds and this includes a financial burden is the jurisdiction of the government in accordance with the decision of the Federal Court."
Al-Bayati added that "the whole issue can not be achieved effectively because it is not logical to go" losers "to issue a decision to cancel the elections for any reason or justification," pointing out that "this means leaving a legal vacuum and the formation of an emergency government and Iraq at a stage where it can not be adventure Options not calculated results ". The violations occur in most countries of the world For his part, MP for the coalition of state law Mansour al-Baiji, in a statement received "morning", a copy of it, "Although there are some electoral violations that occurred during the voting process, but it is not possible to request the cancellation of election results From some political forces. "

"All the political forces that win the elections hold talks and meetings in order to bring them closer together to announce political alliances. This movement has been going on continuously since the results were announced," he said. Elections, "adding that" can not talk about the process of canceling the results simply because of the loss of some candidates or political forces. "
In turn, the legal expert Tariq Harb, in a statement to "morning", the abolition of the elections is impossible for the difficulty of holding a meeting of the House of Representatives Nzab Kamel, calling for "the need to hand over political blocs to the decision of the judiciary after the Council of Commissioners." He said: "Most of those affected by the elections submitted complaints to the Board of Commissioners, which will in turn audit and make appropriate decisions in this aspect," noting that "it is also possible to appeal before the Electoral Administrative Authority in the Federal Court of Cassation." He pointed out that "the issue of fraud needs to be investigated by judges, because it is a crime, and if proven, the elections freeze in a number of stations that have been proven fraud," useful that "these cases can not cancel the election results."

International trust


Haidar Kazem al-Baghdadi
When the hubs of work are suffering a confused reality, the demand for presence in such markets is weak, despite the large profits, and sometimes it is doubling elsewhere in other places.

And here comes the importance of work in such a market at the regional and international levels, and the great interest by the international economic blocs in this economy or that then draw plans to reach the incubators and start a process of action that benefits all parties, to rotate the national economy in a direction that serves sustainable development.

In Iraq, we need to communicate with the world’s leading companies that are rated on the international list, and invest their efforts in the local labor market, which provides great employment opportunities for a large number of local, regional and international companies, and this became known to all those interested in economic affairs.

International confidence is the key to the economic advancement of any country in the world.

The Iraqi, who has suffered from terror over the last period and has now become the gateway to salvation and the destruction of its forces, has become the focus of many international companies owning advanced capital and technology that can be the center of true development.

Economic development that the country looks forward to and looks forward to.
The Iraqi economy needs to unite efforts of all institutions concerned to work to gain international confidence in the local work, which is an environment attracting large investments to the fields of production and services in different regions of Iraq, where the ideal job opportunities in the cities and can absorb a very large size, International.

We can not seek effective economic construction away from providing an environment of seriousness, especially that the international companies are studying the reality of work and guarantees from all sides and then come after its decision to invest or not in any country has employment opportunities.

In Iraq, which has an investment law regulating the work, the need is urgent to stand the institutions concerned and study the reality and create the appropriate atmosphere for the entry of advanced technologies and capital to Iraq, where it can invest in industry, agriculture, tourism and services …., This means for international companies that work opportunities In the Iraqi labor market is renewed, and any company can put long plans to work in such a market less can be described as promising.

The international trust for our country is very important for the start of major reconstruction, and it is imperative to create an ideal working environment during the period that facilitates investment operations, to build an effective regional and international economy.

By John Lee.

Reuters reports that Bain Capital Credit has been chosen for a 900-million-euro ($1.06 billion) deal to rescue the heavily-indebted Italian engineering firm Trevi.

Among Trevi’s current projects is the stabilisation of Iraq’s Mosul Dam.

More here from Reuters.

(Source: Reuters)

By Ali Mamouri for Al-Monitor. Any opinions expressed are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.

After the Sairoon (On the Move) Alliance emerged victorious in the May 12 Iraqi elections, its leader, Muqtada al-Sadr, has been seeking meetings with the leaders of the other top-vote-getting alliances to discuss the possibility of forming the largest bloc in the new parliament and ultimately form the new Cabinet.

At a May 19 joint press conference after talks with Sadr, Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, whose Al-Nasr (Victory) Alliance came in third, said, “During our meeting, we agreed to work together and with other parties to expedite the process of forming a new Iraqi government.”

A few days later, on May 22, Al-Nasr spokesman Hussein al-Adeli said Abadi had reached an agreement with Sadr on a map for forming a new government. Abadi himself, in his weekly press conference the same day, said his coalition was close to reaching an understanding with the Sairoon Alliance “to form a strong technocratic government.”

In a May 20 meeting with Hadi al-Amiri, leader of the second-place Fatah Alliance, consisting of the political wings of the pro-Iran militias of the Popular Mobilization Units, Sadr had said, “The process of government formation must be a national decision, and importantly, must include the participation of all the winning blocs along a national path.”

Sadr appeared to select the phrasing “national decision” and “national path” especially for Amiri, who had days earlier met in Baghdad with Qasem Soleimani, commander of Iran’s Quds Force, in an attempt to form a pro-Iranian parliamentary bloc.

Sadr also held talks with Ammar al-Hakim, leader of the Hikma Alliance, on May 21 and spoke of the importance of forming the upcoming government in a way that ensures “fixing the path of the political process to suit the aspirations of the Iraqi people who reject sectarianism and corruption.”

Sadr also met May 21 with Iyad al-Allawi, leader of the predominantly Sunni Al-Wataniyah Alliance, and two days earlier had received a letter from Kosrat Rasoul Ali, first deputy for the secretary-general of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, in line with discussions on potential alliances requiring Sunni and Kurdish participation alongside the Shiite majority to form a government.

After failing to assemble a parliamentary bloc under Iranian auspices consisting of the four largest Shiite lists — the State of Law Coalition and the Al-Nasr, Hikma and Fatah Alliances — Iranian Ambassador to Iraq Iraj Masjedi attempted to lure Sadr to his side to prevent the formation of an anti-Iran government. Masjedi told Iran’s Al-Alam TV May 21, “Iran has constructive relations with all parties, blocs and coalitions that won the majority of parliamentary seats in the fourth elections.”

Masjedi also denied rumors of a dispute between the Iranian leadership and Sadr, saying, “Iran’s relations with Sadr are historical and deep-seated. The country had close relations with the martyrs Mohammed Baqr and Mohammed Sadeq al-Sadr [Muqtada’s uncle and father, respectively].” Masjedi added, “Iranian officials’ relations with Sadr are friendly and brotherly, and many of them, including Soleimani, appreciate Sadr greatly.”

In fact, Sadr’s father and Iranian officials were not friendly at all. His representative in Iran, Jaafar al-Sadr, son of Mohammad Baqr, was arrested and his office shuttered in Qom in 1998. In addition, everything indicates that relations between Muqtada and Iran have gone downhill as well in recent years.

Sadr had made several statements critical of Iranian interference in Iraqi decision-making, and his alliance competed against the pro-Iran lists — Al-Fatah and the State of Law Coalition — in the elections. In the preceding years, Sadr’s supporters chanted slogans against Iran at protests calling for reform. Sadr, unlike his rivals Maliki and Amiri, has not met with Soleimani in recent years.

Sadr greeted a group of ambassadors from neighboring countries May 19 after his list’s victory was confirmed. In attendance were the ambassadors of Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Kuwait, Turkey and Syria. Official Iranian websites, including Al-Alam’s, criticized Sadr’s relations with Saudi Arabia and charged that Riyadh had been behind Iran’s exclusion from the meeting.

Sadr insists that the largest parliamentary bloc include all Iraqi components, which would be unprecedented if successful. The largest parliamentary bloc has always consisted solely of Shiite parties, which then negotiated with Kurdish and Sunni blocs over forming the government.

On May 21, Sadr tweeted, “I am Muqtada. I am Shiite, Sunni, Christian, Saebean, Yazidi, Islamist, civil, Arab, Kurdish, Assyrian, Turkmen, Chaldean and Shabak. I am Iraqi. Do not expect me to side with any sect against the other to renew enmities and lead to our demise. We are headed toward a comprehensive Iraqi alliance.”

Al-Hayat newspaper on May 21 cited Iraqi sources close to Sadr discussing efforts to bring together Abadi, Allawi, Kurdistan Democratic Party leader Massoud Barzani and Sunni Al-Qarar Alliance leader Khamis al-Khanjar to explore forming the leading parliamentary bloc with all their parties’ participation. If Sadr succeeds, Iraq might overcome sectarian quotas in forming a government, and Iranian influence would dwindle with its political allies, Al-Fatah and the State of Law Coalition, excluded from the bloc.

Coalition Trainers in Iraq Helping ‘Make a Good Force Better’

The coalition training effort in Iraq is all about “making a good force better,” said Italian army Brig. Gen. Roberto Vannacci, the deputy commanding general for training for Operation Inherent Resolve’s Joint Forces Land Component Command in Iraq.

Iraqi security forces continue to press the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria by rooting out and destroying pockets of ISIS terrorists in the country. From the nadir when ISIS was knocking on the gates of Baghdad, Iraqi forces have taken on the terror group and liberated almost all of the territory the group once held.

The trainers of the coalition’s Operation Inherent Resolve gave Iraqi security forces the training they needed to expel the violent extremist group, Vannacci said during a video teleconference from Baghdad to reporters in the Pentagon.

“By all measures, the Iraqi security forces have already proven that they are more than ready and capable of securing the country,” Vannacci said. “On May the 12th, Iraq’s first national election since the rise of ISIS was held peacefully despite repeated warnings from ISIS of their intent to use violence to discourage Iraqis from voting. This is mostly thanks to the training and preparations conducted by Iraqi security forces to ensure that all Iraqis were able to exercise their right to vote free from fear of harm.”

Vannacci said the coalition continues the mission to train and equip Iraqi security forces, to ensure the lasting defeat of ISIS, and to set the conditions for full-on stabilization efforts.

“To date, more than 150,000 Iraqi security forces have been trained across multiple locations in Iraq,” the general said.

That training runs the gamut from full-on combat to policing to stabilization, he said.

Demining, Lifesaver Training

In addition to basic combat skills, the coalition trainers have also stressed demining operations and combat lifesaver training. “In Western Baghdad, more than 25,000 police and border guard personnel have been trained in law enforcement and border security procedures,” Vannacci said.

And, more than 18,000 members of Iraq’s elite counterterrorism force received coalition training, the general said.

The coalition also trains and equips the Iraqi air force, Vannacci said. This, he said, includes training Iraqis to fly and maintain their aircraft.

Training the Iraqi forces is a multinational effort, the general said. “Australian forces in Taji and Spanish forces in Bismayah are training ground troops,” Vannacci said. “In the Kurdish region and in western Baghdad, Italian personnel are training army and police forces. Also, German forces are providing training in the Kurdish region while Danish forces are leading the training in Al Asad Air Base.”

The coalition has also provided Iraqi forces with more than $2 billion in equipment, the general said.

Providing Equipment

“Seventeen Iraqi army brigades have been provided with initial equipment sets, including personal equipment, small arms, ammunition, around 1,000 nontactical vehicles and over 1,100 armored vehicles,” Vannacci said.

Efforts to train police and border guards continue apace with the coalition providing additional equipment to around 20 federal police and border force brigades, including provisioning more than 180 prefabricated, border guard and police presence infrastructure since the beginning of 2018, he said.

The coalition has also provided more than 400 explosive detection and demining kits to assist in the detection and removal of improvised explosive devices, Vannacci said.

Iraqi security forces have shown their worth as part of the coalition by conducting strikes in Syria, where they targeted ISIS activity designed to export violence, the general said.

“The hard-fought victories in Ramadi, Mosul and Tel Afar prove that the Iraqi security forces have always been capable of fighting for the freedom of all Iraqis,” Vannacci said. “The coalition’s goal is simply to make a good force better and to enhance to capability of the Iraqi security forces to ensure Iraq’s lasting peace and security. By all measures, they are well on their way.”

(Source: US Dept of Defense)