The buying rate of the Kuwaiti Dinar in the open market was Rs 520.05 while the selling rate of Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD) was Rs 523.41 in Pakistan open …
The buying rate of the Kuwaiti Dinar in the open market was Rs522.50 while the selling rate of Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD) was Rs 522.00 in Pakistan open …
The buying rate of the Kuwaiti Dinar in the open market was Rs 520.27 while the selling rate of the Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD) was Rs 523.63 in Pakistan.
Jordanian Dinar 5.10800 5.22500. Egyptian Pound 0.20250 0.23000. Chinese Yuan 0.48000 0.53800. Tunisian Dinar N/A 1.35800. Moroccan Dirham …
… deposits and credit, interest rates on major currencies, predominantly the US dollar, and the Kuwaiti dinar's exchange rate regime and interest rate.
On July 19, 2019, the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) concluded the Article IV consultation  with Iraq.
An improved security situation and the recovery in oil prices have improved near-term vulnerabilities. Large fiscal and current account surpluses—around 8 and 6 percent of GDP, respectively—were recorded in 2018, allowing the government to retire domestic debt and accumulate fiscal buffers. Gross international reserves reached $65 billion by end-2018.
However, post-war reconstruction and economic recovery have been slow. Non-oil GDP rose by only 0.8 percent year-on-year in 2018 in a context of weak execution of reconstruction and other public investment. Overall GDP contracted by around 0.6 percent as oil production was cut to comply with the OPEC+ agreement.
The 2019 budget implies a sizable fiscal loosening that will reverse the recent reduction in vulnerabilities. Current spending is expected to increase by 27 percent year-on-year, in part due to a higher public sector wage bill, while revenues will be dampened by the abolition of non-oil taxes. As a result, the budget is projected to shift to a deficit of 4 percent of GDP in 2019, and reserves are projected to decline.
The fiscal and external positions are expected to continue to deteriorate over the medium term absent policy changes—with reserves falling below adequate levels and fiscal buffers eroded. Although the level of public debt will remain sustainable, gross fiscal financing needs will increase. Non-oil GDP growth is projected to reach 5½ in 2019 but subside over the medium term.
In a context of highly volatile oil prices, the major risk to the outlook is a fall in oil prices which would lower exports and budgetary revenues, leading to an even sharper decline in reserves or higher public debt. Geopolitical tensions, the potential for social unrest in a context of weak public services and lack of progress in combatting corruption pose further risks.
Executive Board Assessment 
Executive Directors agreed with the thrust of the staff appraisal. They were encouraged by the recent strengthening of Iraq’s economy but recognized that the country continues to face daunting challenges. Social conditions remain harsh, post-war reconstruction progress is slow, development needs are large, and institutional weaknesses are significant. Volatile oil prices and a difficult regional and geopolitical environment pose additional difficulties.
Directors encouraged the authorities to seize the opportunity presented by the improved security situation and higher oil prices to implement policies and structural reforms aimed at ensuring macroeconomic and financial stability, tackling long-standing social problems, and promoting sustainable and inclusive growth.
Directors emphasized that building a robust fiscal framework is essential to maintain fiscal and macroeconomic stability and strengthen buffers. They encouraged the authorities to adopt a risk‑ and rules-based approach to fiscal policy as part of broader reforms to manage oil revenue more effectively, reduce tendencies for procyclicality, and shift to a more growth-friendly composition of expenditure. Directors supported scaling up reconstruction and development expenditure gradually in line with improving absorptive capacity.
They underscored the need to strengthen public financial management to ensure public spending is appropriately monitored and to reduce vulnerabilities to corruption. In this context, Directors welcomed the newly adopted General Financial Management Law and encouraged its full implementation.
Directors emphasized that gradual fiscal adjustment, including containing current primary spending and boosting non-oil revenues is essential for maintaining fiscal and debt sustainability. They recommended that spending measures should give priority to containing the growth in wage bill and lowering subsidies to the electricity sector. Directors emphasized that the poorest and the most vulnerable must be protected from the adjustment process.
Directors underscored that an overhaul of the banking sector is necessary to maintain financial stability. They encouraged the authorities to restructure the large state-owned banks, enhance their supervision, and implement other reforms to increase financial intermediation. Directors highlighted the benefits of increasing financial inclusion, especially for the SME sector, which has a large potential to absorb entrants to the labor market.
Directors agreed that building public institutions and enhancing governance is key for success, and highlighted the scope for Fund capacity development to support these efforts. They welcomed progress in developing an anti-corruption framework and called for further modifications to the legal regime for combatting corruption coupled with stronger coordination between the relevant government agencies, while continuing to strengthen the framework for Anti-money laundering and combatting the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT). Directors also recommended strengthening Public Investment Management framework to ensure that spending is well directed and that donor funds targeting reconstruction are put to the most efficient use.
Directors looked forward to continued close engagement between the authorities and the Fund in the context of post program monitoring.
 Under Article IV of the IMF’s Articles of Agreement, the IMF holds bilateral discussions with members, usually every year. A staff team visits the country, collects economic and financial information, and discusses with officials the country’s economic developments and policies. On return to headquarters, the staff prepares a report, which forms the basis for discussion by the Executive Board.
 At the conclusion of the discussion, the Managing Director, as Chairman of the Board, summarizes the views of Executive Directors, and this summary is transmitted to the country’s authorities. An explanation of any qualifiers used in summings up can be found here: http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/misc/qualifiers.htm .
The official middle dinar exchange rate will have to be used in the future by travel agencies when forming the price and collecting payment for foreign …
On a side note, Mahdi is cutting it pretty close. He has till the end of this month (one more week) to complete his government, or he will become subject to a vote of No Confidence. There are those that believe not having a complete Cabinet has been the holdup for CBI implementing the mechanism. I am NOT one of those. I believe, although CBI works with the government, it is separate from the government. Their sole purpose is to maintain Financial Stability within Iraq. I believe regardless of whether Mahdi completes his government or not, CBI has the authority to move forward with adding value to their currency. I guess we’ll see what transpires over the next week.
Another tidbit… Years ago we were told to go to our local Bank of choice when the time came to exchange. Lately, I have been hearing that there will be 800 #’s posted to set up appointments for exchange at "Redemption Centers". An established exchange rate, higher than CBI’s posted rate, would be locked-in for a limited amount of days. At this time, I have heard nothing more about these Redemption Centers, so I will have to wait till those 800 #’s are released to find out how they process the exchange. In the meantime I have had several talks with my banker and was told that their local bank branches do not have the Del-A-Rue Machines required to verify our Dinar, but their Vault does. So, if I exchange at my bank, they will credit my account at the current CBI posted exchange rate, then the Dinar would be sent off to "The Vault" to be verified. Once verified, my funds would be released for my use. And since no one would be allowed to know where, or allowed to go to "The Vault" themselves, our dinar would be out of our sight for several days. Not a comfortable thought, but it is what it is.
Tax wise… I’m still hearing this investment will not be Taxed. That is a nice thought but I wouldn’t count on it. Bush’s tax free credit expired during Obama’s administration and I have read enough to rule out Capital Gains as well. Plan on Ordinary Income @ 35%, depending on how much you earn at exchange. And Please check with your Tax professional at the appropriate time. The IRS has had plenty of time to give this a lot of thought. I’m sure they will have a ruling by time taxes are due.
That’s all I have to say for now. Let me know your thoughts as well. We are all in this together. Thanks and take care. :cool:
The currency rate list for 22 June 2019 includes Canadian Dollar, Indian Rupee, Chinese Yuan, Kuwaiti Dinar, UAE Dirham, Euro, Saudi Riyal, British …
By John Lee.
FBM-KNM FZCO, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Malaysia’s KNM Group, has been awarded a contract for the supply and delivery of replacement heat exchangers to the Khor Al Zubair’s gas processing plant in Basrah Province.
According to a regulatory statement, the contract from Basra Gas Company (BGC) is worth USD 2.096 million (equivalent to approximately RM8.739 million based on the exchange rate of USD1.00 : RM4.17).
The project is to be completed by 14th January 2020.