Last month, the Serbian dinar touched the strongest level against the euro in more than three years, making it the second-best performing currency in the world over the last 12 months, Bloomberg estimates.The National Bank of Serbia (NBS) surprised with its third unexpected interest-rate cut in.

It's called the Iraqi dinar revalue, based on the mistaken premise that the currency of Iraq, now virtually worthless, would return to its pre-Gulf War value. Back then, it traded for as much as three dollars per dinar, pumped up by the dictatorial policies of Saddam Hussein. Since the U.S. invasion, it crashed …

Experts: The absence of guarantees paid by {40} trillion dinars outside the banks


Establishment of a company to secure the deposits of citizens
Baghdad / Huda al-Azzawi
The Central Bank of Iraq resorted to the issuance of the system of guarantee bank deposits, including the bank to grant a license to practice a guarantee for a joint stock company established in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Law, a system that was welcomed by the economic circles because of the weakness in the mobilization of funds and deposit with banks to take their way to various investment channels, Especially after the large losses caused by the financial crises in the state budget.

The participation of banks is mandatory
The Director General of the Legal Department of the Central Bank, Mustafa Ghaleb, told the "morning": "The Central Bank is currently working according to the feasibility study of technical and economic and legal establishment of the Iraqi Company to ensure deposits with a mixed contribution of government and private banks with the Department of registration of companies in the Ministry of Commerce ,

According to the provisions of the Companies Law No. 21 of 1997, "noting that" this institution aims to achieve the public interest of the community and protect the funds of depositors and increase their confidence in the banking sector existing in the State, away from profit. "

He explained that the proposed capital of the company, amounting to 100 billion dinars, 55 percent of its nominal capital of the contribution of public and private banks and branches of foreign banks, including the minimum required for the contribution of the state of 25 percent, while the remaining 45 percent will be put to public subscription on the basis of the provisions of Article 39 of the companies mentioned law ,

"pointing out that" the participation of Iraqi banks , which is compulsory to ensure the continued existence of sufficient balance within the fund and use it to provide financial cover to ensure that the assets of depositors in banks licensed by the Central Bank of Iraq within the country. "

compensation according to the circumstances

"The company’s money can be invested in the field of deposits with banks, such as fixed deposits and the purchase of government securities such as treasury bills and bonds, and remittances issued by the Central Bank of Iraq, which is purchased from the secondary market, and can be invested in borrowing from banks or issue bonds A loan to support its capital and its own resources, "stressing that" the company will pay compensation for deposits with banks according to amounts and depending on the economic conditions of the country. "

He concluded by saying that "the company’s certificate of incorporation will be announced by the Ministry of Commerce after the Central Bank completes all the requirements for incorporation with the registration and public subscription department in accordance with the Companies Law referred to."

Doubts and concerns of depositors

Regarding the culture of dealing with the banking system, the financial adviser to the Prime Minister Dr. Mohammed Saleh said to the morning that dealing depends on the awareness of the Iraqi financial system, considering private sector projects and the availability of job opportunities that can contribute to reducing unemployment rates.

The system of deposits adopted by the Central Bank has been approved by the Council of Ministers for more than two years, which is expected to see the year 2018 achievement, aims to encourage citizens to save in banks rather than compactness, "noting that the percentage of cash out of banks up to 80 percent , So as to attract them to Government and private banks, must provide real guarantees that encourage depositors to save.

Offering Contracting Parties

For his part, professor of monetary at the University of Mustansiriya Dr. Faleh al-Zubaidi told the "morning" that the banking system to clarify the nature of work on how to invest the funds of unemployed citizens and operate transparently, without any ambiguity or ambiguity, within the legal contracts that preserve the rights of contracting parties through The company offered its shares to the public,

with the aim of seeking to increase its capital and contribute to attract financing for the sale of its shares or issue new shares to support the current capital.

Explaining that some of the amount of money outside the banking system and estimated at 40 trillion dinars, a normal situation because Iraq from developing countries known to increase the proportion of currency in circulation outside the banking system,

"pointing out that" the investment of this huge amount of money by the banking system or Companies will employ money will contribute to the revitalization of the Iraqi economy and provide job opportunities to reduce the high unemployment rates rampant in the country. "

Increasing supervision and supervision
In terms of the most important steps taken by the Central Bank to withdraw funds Almknzah to financial institutions and banking, the Director of Payments in the Central Bank, Subhi Abdul Karim Mohammed, "Sabah" that the project of localization of salaries,

which will contribute to raising awareness of banking and saving and reliance on technical methods in The transfer of funds and not rely on cash, will work to determine the conversion rate from the dinar to the dollar in cards issued locally,

"noting that the card is used outside Iraq to be a catalyst for citizens to be used in any place where it is resolved as well as the inside of Best services ", adding that the financial inclusion strategy , which will soon be launched by the bank aims to access financial and banking services for every citizen in line with their needs."

The payments manager is expected to contribute to the establishment of strategic projects in the country with the financial and banking institutions.

Plans for the interaction of the productive and service sectors


To achieve sustainable development
BAGHDAD / Hussein Tgb
is to achieve sustainable economic development is the goal of everyone in the public and private sectors to maximize financial resources, where th
e next stage requires the fight against corruption and the provision of substantial amounts of economic and social development, and require a reduction of operating expenses.

Member of the Baghdad Economic Forum Majid Al-Soury stressed "the implementation of the provisions of the Constitution on financial and economic issues and the law of financial management and public debt, and the use of modern electronic information systems to implement and follow up all related to public finances of the

Development Goals

He pointed out to the "morning" on the sidelines of an economic symposium that "maximizing resources other than oil and gas resources, after the confusion experienced by the management of public funds, and the failure to achieve the objectives of economic and social development, can not be only maximize the resources of oil and gas itself, With the rational use of those resources for economic and social development. "

He also called for the creation of economic policies and plans for interaction and cooperation between the financial, production and commercial sectors of the state and the commitment to follow up their implementation in order to expand the local production base to meet domestic needs and encourage exports in the public and private sectors.

With significant amounts and the provision of large amounts in foreign currency, and mitigate the impact of external factors on the
Iraqi economy .

Implementation responsibilities

"The rational use of financial resources requires a clear identification of the Iraqi economy, defining the strategy of economic and social development, setting the necessary plans for implementing them according to a timetable, defining the responsibilities of implementation, monitoring and monitoring their implementation,"

he said, noting that "the five-year plan has been adopted Social economic economy, which is the most economic policy in line with the requirements of the Iraqi constitution and its trends in the use of modern economic bases, and is able to achieve the economic and social development required of all segments of the
Iraqi people .

Development Bank

He pointed out the importance of "bold restructuring of the financial institutions in Iraq, especially government banks, including the integration of commercial banks in one bank, as well as all banks specialized in a large development bank, with restructuring administrative and financial, and provide the necessary necessary and the principle of separation of management from Ras Money for all government and private banks, while activating the role of the development bank in the development of local production, to cover the bulk of the needs of the
domestic market .

He said that the rational use of wealth requires the control of foreign trade and border crossings, land, air and sea, which is an area of ​​financial corruption and an important factor in the disruption of domestic production and economic development and looting many of the government resources that may be directed to cover the financial needs of the government, Border control is a very important element in fighting corruption, maximizing state resources, and protecting the product
Local "

The local market The image of" the importance of the trend towards restructuring public production institutions, and develop their productive capacity, by all possible means, including participation with local and foreign private sectors, to cover quite a bit of the needs of the domestic market, Special production and service in all areas and to enable it to cooperate with the sector public. "

He urged" to achieve tax policy to redistribute income fairly, and to encourage local production and protection, and create a tax environment that encourages domestic and foreign investment, and the provision of services of Basic necessary, especially to solve the problem of electricity, and to provide all help to reduce local production costs, in order to enable it to compete with foreign products, improve product quality. "

Baghdad ( The Central Bank of Iraq (CBI) currency auction on March 18 registered $200,041,909 in sales, a -0.03% volume decline from the US $200,110,472 sold by Iraqi Dinar, credit and transfer at the previous auction held on March 15. The latest auction was attended by 45 banks …

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They said soaring import bills widened the current account deficit and weakened the Tunisian dinar, causing a rise in prices while the country's foreign currency reserves were shrinking. The Central Bank said the inflation rate was 7.1% year-on-year in February, compared to 4.6% in February 2017 and …

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