Damaged currency causes great suffering and embarrassment to citizens

5/21/2018

Some circles do not accept dealing with them
Baghdad / Huda al-Azzawi

The Iraqi citizen may be one of the few citizens in the world, who complain about not accepting the deal in the national currency torn or damaged by some departments or institutions or shops, which causes him many problems and verbal quarrels may reach sometimes to conflict with hands in full view of The concerned authorities that did not issue a clear and direct order obligates everyone to deal with the currency in any way.

Currency torn within salaries
Al-Sabah spoke with more than one official and a citizen in order to shed light on this problem.

"At the end of each month, we allocate more than (200) thousand dinars of the currency torn apart equally among the employees of our district," said a member of the committee to receive salaries in a state department.

The employee, who did not want to be named, said that «a lot of problems and verbal quarrels occur between us and the trustees of the Fund, who insist on handing over sums of money smuggled and affixed on both sides, beginning with the employee’s suffering in how to manage this currency rejected by most dealers, Cabs to shop owners ».

She cautioned the employee that all this is happening as a result of the absence of a number of measures and means that the Central Bank of Iraq to take to maintain the prestige of the currency and ease of circulation in the markets.

Currency exchange

As for the burning or buried currency, Hassan pointed out that it is submitted to the Central Bank exclusively to replace them according to certain controls, noting that the bank is working on its part to solve this problem through the processing of Rafidain Bank and Rashid new banknotes and small categories to pay within the salaries of employees,

He pointed out that t
he bank continues to print and improve the banknotes, especially small groups, and pump them to compensate for the damaged paper, while at the same time preserving the currency and accepting it whatever its status as a symbol representing Aadh country and inform the bank in the case of refusal of banks received the damaged currency of citizens.

The suffering of the working class
For his part, said the citizen Rafie Abdul Latif MP, that the working classes and poor are the most social groups are vulnerable to deal with damaged currencies, because this segment traded in many of them, in addition to the same currency to factors that lead to damage early, such as moisture and wet and other It is noteworthy that even the gas stations have refused to accept the torn paper currency,

Therefore, the government and the concerned parties should enact laws to protect the currency as is the case in a number of foreign countries that have issued legal provisions criminalizing those who refuse to deal with them if they are torn or
old.

Stamping of coins

On the re-minting of the coin for small groups and thus salvation from the problem of extinction of the currency currently in circulation, drew Professor of Economics, University of Nahrain Dr. Ngham Hussein Nima, that there were attempts in 2005-2006 to issue a coin of 250 dinars and 100 dinars and 50 dinars and 25

But the loss of the culture of trading in small metal groups among the public forced the Central Bank to stop circulation and convert it into scrap metal and sell it to a trader, so before taking any steps for the introduction of the coin must propagate the culture of trading in small metal categories

And this is certainly the responsibility of the Central Bank of Iraq through the dissemination of financial culture among all segments of the society and openness to the public to raise financial awareness among their ranks and to indicate the importance of dealing with metal groups And keep the currency

Measures to protect the currency
to that said economic researcher Hassan Jamg, said the currency ‘s strength will be in a positive state with the power of the state, the larger the strong and stable state and the economy in the active state, the same presence and effectiveness in the transactions of internal and external of this currency,

and no secret that most communities and nations take A number of measures and means to preserve this currency and to attempt to secure its material and moral status from any external influences that may be natural or by an effective act, such as the case of currency fraud or smuggling abroad,

it may be among the solutions to emphasize the need to respect National currency and dealing Regardless of their condition, and in the case that the currency is very tired or in poor condition, such as torn or semi-damaged, the obligation of government agencies to facilitate the taking or retrieval, and then delivery to banks or the competent banking authorities to destroy them and issue a new currency instead of that damaged.

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=157412

By Ahmed Mousa Jiyad.

Any opinions expressed are those of the authors, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.

The Fifth Energy Bidding Round: Poor Management, Dubious Contracts and Bad Results – Attracted Unprecedented Opposition

Prominent Iraqi oil experts and professionals drafted and endorsed a unified position’ statement (UPS) addressed to the three Presidencies; of the Republic, of the Cabinet and of the Parliament.

The UPS provides thorough assessment of both the outcome of this bid round and related dubious two model contracts; it opposes and rejects the results and calls upon the Presidencies not to ratify any contracts relating to this bid round. The UPS, written in Arabic, was disseminated widely inside Iraq and was posted on 9 May onwards on many websites.

Most of the 31 Iraqi oil experts who issued, and their names appears in, the UPS have many decades of leading positions and extensive work experience in the petroleum sector.

For nearly ten years, this is the first time that so many well-known and respected petroleum technocrats come together to issue a unified, strong and specific statement. This in fact is a manifestation of their concern on the gravity of the danger that could undermine the national interest by these contracts and those behind them.

UPS came as a culmination of individual and collective efforts and contributions that were provoked by the fact that these contracts offer unprecedented concessions to the IOCs in post 2003 Iraq, especially when the model contracts were posted and analyzed.

In addition to been the Coordinator for UPS, I wrote a series of contributions (in Arabic) and shared them with my very extensive network of contacts as well as posting them on many websites for wider readership.

There was considerable attention to this bid round since it was first perceived by the Ministry of Oil-MoO in July last year (

http://www.iraq-businessnews.com/2017/07/21/important-oil-projects-dubious-non-transparent-contracts/ ) but the recent debate had actually impacted directly by the sequence of events pertaining to the bid round.

Much of the concerns prior to holding the bidding focused primarily on the “secrecy of the contracts”.  MoO announced on 13 April it has prepared two model contracts: The first is for the already discovered and, some, producing oilfields- Development and Production Contract (DPC); and the second is for the exploration blocks- Exploration, Development and Production Contract (EDPC).

The Ministry said it sent the two model contracts together with the Final Tender Protocol-FTP and Bidding Information to the IOCs that bought data package.

But the Ministry broke with its transparent practices, followed by the previous bid rounds, of announcing and posting the model contracts, the FTP and bidding information well ahead of the bid round. This time, it did not. And when I asked why, their answer was it is a matter of “confidentiality”.

That prompted me to not only refuting the confidentiality alibi based on comparative assessment with past practices, but also put that within the environment of secrecy and non-transparency that dominates the ministry since the last ministerial shakeup of August 2016 (see my article in Arabic سرية عقود وزارة النفط ومخالفتها للتوجيهات؛ لماذا ولمصلحة من؟

http://www.akhbaar.org/home/2018/4/243077.html posted on 17 April 2018)

As usual, I posted the above article to my network, including one particular list comprising the three presidencies, senior officers at the Council of Ministers, former oil ministers and most seniors at the ministry of oil. This list witnessed an exchange of lengthy emails between the DG of PCLD at the MoO, Abdul Mahdy Al-Ameedi, and I.

The bidding round finally took place on 26 April. The formal announcement by the MoO was extremely brief and just mentioned a few names of IOCs. One contact posted to me the actual bids on each “area”, by whom, who were the winners, what was the bidding parameter that was announced by the Ministry prior to each bid and other information.

Based on the communicated information it became apparent how dreadful the results were for Iraq. I, again wrote a new article analyzing the process, the legal questions regarding IOCs qualifications, the lack of competition, the outcome of the bidding, among others.

Similar to previous article I disseminated a new article highlighting how disadvantageous the outcomes are for Iraq and, thus, called for immediate and complete rejection of the bid round (جولة التراخيص الاخيرة: نتائجها سيئة جدا ويجب الغائها فورا http://www.akhbaar.org/home/2018/4/243448.html posted on 27 April 2018).

The Ministry was compelled to post the two model contracts two days after convening the bid round; and there was a further shock!

After reading the DPC model I wrote and communicated a third article specifying the main flaws of the contract, its poor text, shaky premises, wrong price equation and how it favors IOCs against Iraqi interests; it was posted on 4 May and also in Arabic (عاجل للغاية- عقود جولة التراخيص الاخيرة اسوء من نتائجها http://www.akhbaar.org/home/2018/5/243755.html posted on 4 May 2018)

In this last article I reiterated the call to cancel the bid round not only for its disadvantageous results but also due to extremely bad contract models. Moreover, I called the Cabinet to refute the contract for East Baghdad oilfield recently concluded with a Chinese company because this contract has similar structure to those used for this bid round.

The last two articles led to another, but more heated, exchange of emails between Al-Ameedi and I within the same list of high government officials. In this debate I requested a launching of formal investigation to be done collectively by the Independent Integrity Commission, the Parliamentary Integrity Committee, the Inspector General at the Ministry of Oil and the Federal Supreme Board of Audit. The debate was interrupted by the national election and hopefully would be resumed regardless of the election results!!!

Below is the full Arabic text of the unified position by the 31 Iraqi oil experts above mentioned and was posted on http://www.akhbaar.org/home/2018/5/243940.html

 

خبراء النفط في العراق يعارضون ويرفضون نتائج وعقود جولة التراخيص الاخيرة

السيد رئيس الجمهورية المحترم

السادة رئيس وأعضاء مجلس الوزراء المحترمون

السيدات والسادة رئيس وأعضاء البرلمان العراقي المحترمون

السيدات والسادة المستخدمون لوسائل الاعلام والتواصل الاجتماعي المحترمون

 

نحن خبراء النفط العراقيين المذكورة اسماءنا ادناه، وبعد الاطلاع على نتائج جولة التراخيص النفطية الاخيرة (الخامسة) وتحليل العقود الخاصة بها، وحرصا منا على المصلحة الوطنية وللتاريخ نعلن بكل وضوح وقناعة:

معارضتنا التامة ورفضنا المطلق لكل من نتائج وعقود هذه الجولة؛ ونناشد كل من مجلس الوزراء والبرلمان على عدم المصادقة على أي من عقود هذه الجولة وعلى العقد الخاص بحقل شرق بغداد.

 

بعد التقييم المهني والموضوعي للعقود المذكورة والتصريحات المنشورة لمسؤولي وزارة النفط كانت نتيجة التقييم سلبية للغاية لان تلك العقود تمنح امتيازات مالية سخية للشركات النفطية الاجنبية بالضد من مصلحة العراق مما يكلف العراق مليارات من الدولارات كتنازل من عوائده الصافية للشركات.

تتلخص هذه الامتيازات السخية المتنازل عنها للشركات الاجنبية بما يلي:

‌أ-    اعتماد اسعار نفط منخفضة في معادلة سعرية مبسطة جدا وبدائية وغير رصينة تستخدم لاحتساب حصة الشركات من العوائد الصافية لعقود تتراوح مددها بين 20 عام و34 عام؛

‌ب-  اعتماد اسعار مرتفعة للغاز الجاف؛

‌ج-    الغاء آلية ربط ربحية الشركات مع نفقاتها الرسمالية المسترجعة (المعروفة بمعامل آر)؛

‌د-     اعتماد آلية لربط استرداد الكلف الرأسمالية بأسعار النفط لا توفر مطلقا أية حماية او منفعة للعراق؛

‌ه-   عدم تحديد العديد من المتغيرات المهمة لكل حقل وتركها للشركات (مثل انتاج الذروة ومدته؛ الانتاج التجاري؛ تخصيصات صندوق التدريب؛ تخصيصات صندوق البنى التحتية)؛

‌و-     معاملة الحقول المكتشفة على انها رقع استكشافية مما يسبب تجاهلا  لحقيقة إنعدام وجود المخاطر التي تتصف بها عادة الرقع الاستكشافية وليس الحقول المكتشفة.

يتلخص هذا التقييم ونتائجه بما يلي:

اولا: يوجد في العقد عدد “هائل” من الاخطاء المطبعية ربما نتيجة للاستعجال في عقد الجولة قبل الانتخابات. كما وتمت الاشارة الى بعض المفاهيم والمصطلحات المهمة والمعرفة ولكن دون استخدامها مثل “معدل المردود الداخلي” و “اعلان الاكتشاف التجاري”.

ولابد من التأكيد هنا ان من اهم اساسيات العقود، وخاصة ان كانت باللغة الإنكليزية، هو دقة النص ووضوح التعبير وسلامة الصياغة؛ وهذه جميعا تتأثر سلبا وبشكل كبير في حالة وجود وتكرار عدد كبير من الاخطاء وعدم تعريف ما يذكر من مفاهيم، مما يؤدي في النتيجة الى ان يكون العقد سيء من حيث التطبيق وخطر من ناحية النتائج ومكلف للغاية في حالة التحكيم الدولي.

ثانيا: عدم وجود الشريك الحكومي

لم يتضمن هذا العقد الشريك الحكومي مما يعني خسارة في حصة العراق تتراوح بين 5 % (بسبب تخفيض حصة الشريك الحكومي في بعض عقود الجولات السابقة) الى 25 % من “العوائد الصافية”. وهذه تشكل خسائر مالية ضخمة جدا للعراق وعائداً اضافياً للشركات. وهنا لابد من التأكيد ان خسارة حصة الشريك الحكومي لا تعوضها حصة الريع Royalty البالغة 25% لان الموضوعين منفصلين تماما.

ثالثا: انعدام التخصيصات السنوية لصندوق التدريب والتأهيل وصندوق البنى التحتية

تمت الاشارة الى كل من الصندوقين في هذا العقد ولكن بدون تحديد التخصيصات السنوية لكل منهما، بخلاف ما كان معمول به في الجولات السابقة.

 

رابعا: عدم تحديد مستوى انتاج الذروة ومدته   Plateau Production & Period

على خلاف كل العقود لجولات التراخيص السابقة لم يحدد عقد هذه الجولة مستوى انتاج الذروة ومدة استمراريته، بل ترك ذلك لحين تقديم الشركة لخطة التطوير النهائية التي تقدم بعد ثلاث سنوات من دخول العقد حيز التنفيذ.

خامسا: مستوى الانتاج التجاري Commercial Production Rate

يحدد هذا المستوى بداية احتساب مستحقات الشركة من العوائد الصافية وحسب الضوابط المفصلة في العقد. ولكن الغريب انه تم تحديد هذا المستوى وبشكل موحد لكل الحقول المشمولة وبكمية 10 ألف برميل يوميا لكل عقد. ومن الجدير بالذكر ان خمسة من “العقود” من مجموع ستة تمت احالتها، تحتوي على تسعة حقول مكتشفة وقسم منها تم فيها حفر خمسة ابار وبنتائج مشجعة جدا.

 

سادسا: تسعيرة الغاز الجاف

حدد العقد سعر الغاز الجاف بما يعدل 50 % من سعر نفط التصدير التمهيدي (للبرميل المكافئ).

ونرى ان الوزارة هنا ارتكبت أكثر من خطا ستترتب عليها نتائج مالية كبيرة لصالح الشركات الاجنبية ونتائج كارثية على العراق للأسباب التالية:

1-    ان هذه العلاقة بين سعر النفط وسعر الغاز الجاف سبق وان تم استخدامها في عقود جولة التراخيص الرابعة فقط؛ لان تلك الجولة كانت للرقع الاستكشافية فقط ولم يتم استخدامها مطلقا لعقود الحقول المكتشفة كما هي عليه الحال في العقود الحالية. وقد سبق لبعض من الموقعين على هذه الوثيقة ان حذروا ونبهوا الوزارة الى ذلك وعدم إطلاق تسمية “رقع استكشافية” على حقول مكتشفة لسبب جوهري يتعلق باعتبارات مخاطر عدم الاكتشاف وضرورة تغطية هكذا مخاطر.

2-    كانت “اجور/مكافئة الخدمة او ربحية الشركة” في جميع عقود الجولة الرابعة (كغيرها من عقود الجولات الثلاث السابقة لها) محددة بعدد ثابت من الدولارات لبرميل النفط (المكافئ)؛ اما في هذه الجولة الخامسة فان ربحية الشركة تكون على اساس “صافي العوائد” كما سيناقش لاحقا. والفرق كبير جدا ولصالح الشركة الاجنبية وخاصة عند ارتفاع اسعار النفط.

3-    تضمنت جميع عقود الجولة الرابعة (كغيرها من عقود الجولات الثلاث السابقة لها) ما يسمى بمعمل-آر    R-factor والذي تنخفض بموجبه ربحية الشركة بتزايد عوائدها على نفقاتها. وتطبيق هذا المعامل من الناحية الفعلية يعني تزايد حصة العراق بعد بلوغ الانتاج مستوى الذروة المتعاقد عليها في الحقل المعني. ولم نجد اي اشارة الى معامل-آر في عقود هذه الجولة مما يعني خسائر مالية كبيرة للغاية يتحملها العراق وتذهب لصالح الشركات الاجنبية.

سابعا: معادلة تحديد “العائد الصافي” وحصة الشركة الاجنبية منه

وهذه تعتبر من أكبر اخطاء الوزارة واكثرها خدمة للشركات الاجنبية واضرارا بمصلحة العراق. وبسبب خطورة هذه المعادلة وافتقارها لأبسط الاسس المهنية والاقتصادية والاحصائية، سنقوم ببيان اخطاء الوزارة وكما يلي:

معدل اسعار النفط العراقي

اعتمدت الوزارة سعر 50 دولار للبرميل “كأساس لسعر النفط” وذلك باعتماد “معدل برنت خلال السنة الماضية وكان بحدود 57 الى 58 دولار مطروح منه 7 دولار”.

اننا نرى ان هذا الرقم وهذه الطريقة تمثل اخطاء فادحة لا تغتفر:

1-    ان مدة هذه العقود تتراوح بين 20 و25 عام بالنسبة لعقود التطوير والانتاج و34 عام بالنسبة لعقود الاستكشاف والتطوير والانتاج. فهل من المنطقي اعتماد معدل سعر النفط لسنة واحدة فقط اساسا لهذه العقود طويلة الامد؟ بالتأكيد ليس منطقيا ولم نقرأ او نسمع مطلقا مثل هذه الطريقة لعقود نفطية تبلغ عوائدها عشرات ان لم يكن مئات المليارات!!!!

2-    تشير المعلومات الرسمية للوزارة ذاتها ان معدل سعر تصدير النفط العراقي منذ تموز 2008 ولغاية نيسان 2018 (اي خلال 118 شهر) كان 74 دولار للبرميل؛ اي 48 % اعلى من السعر المعتمد من قبل الوزارة!!! فلماذا اهملت هذه الاحصائيات الرسمية ولم يسترشد بها؟؟

3-    خلال الفترة اعلاه كان سعر النفط العراقي اقل من 50 دولار في 34 شهرا فقط من مجموع 118 شهر؛ 6 أشهر من تشرين ثاني 2008 والى نيسان 2009، 3 أشهر من كانون ثاني الى اذار 2015 و25 شهرا من آب 2015 الى آب 2017. وهذا يعني ان 28.8% فقط من مجموع الاشهر منذ تموز 2008 كانت اسعار النفط فيها اقل من 50 دولار. فلماذا لم تنتبه الوزارة الى هذه المسالة ولم تستفد منها!!؟؟؟

4-    من اوليات علم الاحصاء والتحليل الاقتصادي وممارسات التقييس   Indexation ان يتم اختيار سعر او سنة “الاساس” بعناية فائقة جدا وبعد اجراء اختبارات عديدة ولابد من تجنب الفترات الغير اعتيادية. وكان عام 2017 غير اعتيادي بدليل اتفاق الاوبك الذي وضع حدا لانهيار اسعار النفط التي بدأت بالتحسن منذ منتصف العام. فلماذا تم تجاهل هذه الأساسيات العلمية المعروفة!!؟؟

5-    يبدو ان الوزارة لم تقم باستشارة سومو وهي الجهة الوحيدة المؤهلة، فنيا، لإعطاء راي بشأن اسعار النفط ضمن تشكيلات الوزارة؟؟ فلماذا تفردت دائرة العقود بتبني سعر للنفط وبهذه الطريقة البدائية للغاية!!؟؟

6-    معظم التوقعات الخاصة بأسعار النفط التي قامت وتقوم بها المؤسسات الدولية المرموقة تشير الى ارتفاع اسعار النفط من الان فصاعدا وبالتأكيد فوق مستوى 50 دولار للبرميل سواء في المديات القصيرة او المتوسطة او البعيدة. فمعدل سعر النفط العراقي خلال الاربعة أشهر الاخيرة من هذا العام كان 61.85 دولار- اي 23.7 % فوق سعر الأساس المستخدم في عقد جولة التراخيص!!

يستنتج مما تقدم ان تبني سعر 50 دولار كأساس في احتساب حصة الشركة الاجنبية من “العائد الصافي” يعمل بالتأكيد على زيادة تلك الحصة طرديا بارتفاع اسعار النفط فوق سعر الاساس المنخفض اصلا. والحسابات اعلاه تشير ان الشركات حققت زيادة قدرها 23.7 % في حصصها من “العائد الصافي” حتى قبل توقيع العقد.

ربط استرداد الكلف الرأسمالية بأسعار النفط

يشير العقد الى ان “نسبة العائد الصافي” المخصصة لاسترداد الكلفة تكون 30 % عندما تكون اسعار النفط تساوي او اقل من 21.5 دولار وبعكسه تكون النسبة 70%.

وهنا نسجل الملاحظات التالية:

1-    لم تذكر الوزارة كيف تم تحديد هذا السعر؟ ومن قبل من؟ وماهي الحسابات والمبررات التي استند عليها؟

2-    لم تشهد اسعار تصدير نفط العراق مطلقا هذا السعر المنخفض منذ تموز 2008 ولحد الان. وان أوطأ سعر كان 22.21 دولار ولشهر واحد فقط وهو كانون ثاني 2016. فما هي الحكمة والفائدة من تحديد هذا السعر المنخفض ليكون اساساً لتجنب أثر تسديد الكلف الرأسمالية!!!

3-    ونظرا لضعف احتمالية انخفاض اسعار النفط العراقي الى ذلك المستوى ولمدة مؤثرة فان ذكر هذا الشرط في العقد لا يشكل اي فائدة للعراق ولا يوفر من الناحية العملية والفعلية اي حماية؛ وبالمقابل اعطى العقد نسبة 70% للشركة لاسترداد الكلفة.!!

4-    والاخطر من كل ذلك ان العقد لم يحدد بوضوح ماذا يحصل لنسبة العائد الصافي عند استرداد الكلف الرأسمالية بالكامل خاصة وان العقد لا يتضمن معامل-آر كما ذكر سابقا.

يستخلص مما تقدم ان ربط استرداد الكلفة بأسعار النفط وبالصيغة المعتمدة بالعقد تخدم الشركات الاجنبية وبالضد من مصلحة العراق.

ثامنا: التعارض مع الدستور وقوانين الموازنة وسياسة الدولة المعلنة

من الاسس الدستورية المهمة في ادارة القطاع النفطي هو “تحقيق اعلى منفعة للشعب العراقي” (المادة 112 –ثانيا)؛ كما اكدت قوانين الموازنة (منذ 2015) على ” حفظ مصلحة العراق الاقتصادية ….. وتخفيض النفقات وايجاد الية لاسترداد التكاليف بحيث تتلاءم مع اسعار النفط”.

فاين هي مصلحة العراق وكيف تم تحقيق اعلى منفعة للشعب العراقي في عقود هذه الجولة وعقد شرق بغداد؟ وهل اعتماد اسعار النفط المذكورة في العقد- كما ذكر اعلاه- تحفظ مصلحة العراق الاقتصادية؟؟؟

لقد تمت احالة ثلاث من ست “رقع” الى شركة مدرجة في القائمة السوداء لمخالفتها-ومازالت- سياسة الدولة المعلنة منذ 2010. وإننا نحذر وبكل قوة ان التعامل مع شركة مدرجة في القائمة السوداء سيترتب عليه نتائج قانونية سيئة للغاية وعلى المستوى الدولي على قدر تعلق الامر بسيادة العراق على ثرواته النفطية والغازية وخاصة فيما يتعلق بعقود الاقليم وقضية التحكيم الدولي ضد تركيا امام غرفة التجارة الدولية في باريس.

 

في ضوء ما تقدم فإننا نناشد كل من مجلس الوزراء والبرلمان على عدم المصادقة على أي من العقود الخاصة بهذه الجولة وعلى العقد الخاص بحقل شرق بغداد.

الموقعون

1-طارق شفيق؛ 2-عصام عبدالرحيم الجلبي؛ 3-عبد الجبار الوكاع؛ 4-د. هاشم الخرسان؛ 5-د. طارق الارحيم؛ 6-د. محمد علي زيني؛ 7-فؤاد قاسم الامير؛ 8-د. طلال  عاشور كنعان؛ 9-د. ثامر حميد العكيلي؛ 10-د. موفق اديب  الصمدي؛ 11-منير الجلبي؛ 12-د. اسامه فرحان عبد الكريم ؛ 13-د. محبوب الجلبي؛ 14-عبدالزهرة جودة كاظم المحمداوي؛ 15-سمير كبة؛ 16-عبد يوسف بولص اسمرو؛ 17-ناطق خضر عباس البياتي؛ 18-د. فالح  حسن الخياط؛ 19 -علي حسين عجام؛ 20-نوري العاني؛ 21-ضياء إبراهيم  الحسن؛ 22-سعد الله  الفتحي؛ 23 -فلاح كاظم الخواجة؛  24-محمد مصطفى الجبوري؛ 25-علي عبد الباقي الحيدري؛  26-علي نوري علي الصالح؛ 27- ضياء شمخي البكاء؛ 28 -دـ حسن علي الناجي؛ 29 – د. نبيل توحلة؛ 30- احمد  موسى جياد (منسق هذا الموقف الموحد) .

يرجى تعميمه ونشره على اوسع نطاق ممكن

مع فائق التقدير والاحترام

احمد موسى جياد

(منسق الموقف الموحد لخبراء النفط العراقيين)

استشارية التنمية والابحاث/ العراق

النرويج

8 أيار 2018

Mr Jiyad is an independent development consultant, scholar and Associate with the former Centre for Global Energy Studies (CGES), London. He was formerly a senior economist with the Iraq National Oil Company and Iraq’s Ministry of Oil, Chief Expert for the Council of Ministers, Director at the Ministry of Trade, and International Specialist with UN organizations in Uganda, Sudan and Jordan. He is now based in Norway (Email: mou-jiya(at)online.no, Skype ID: Ahmed Mousa Jiyad). Read more of Mr Jiyad’s biography here.

Parliament: the new parliament will hold its meeting early next month
5/16/2018

The parliamentary legal committee, on Wednesday, expected the first session of the House of Representatives early June, noting that the session will be held after the ratification of the Federal Court on the names of new members.

Committee member Zainab Sahlani said in a statement that "the announcement of the election results will be during the next two days after the final identification of the names of deputies and the threshold of elections and quotas."

"The Commission will send the names of the winners to the Federal Court for ratification within 15 days and after the ratification calls for the President of the Republic to hold an open session of the new Council, which will be headed by the President of the oldest year early next month."

"The political consensus is to choose the speaker of parliament and then vote on it to be the next step is to choose a president who will pass two-thirds of the votes and in turn the new president cost the largest list to nominate its candidate to choose a new prime minister."

http://www.knoozmedia.com/338340/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%88%D9%86%D9%8A%D 8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D8%B1%D9%84%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%AF-%D8%B3/

Saleh: The possibility of changing the shape of the country’s economy for the better

5/15/2018

After the demise of security challenges
Baghdad / Shukran al-Fatlawi
optimistic voices of the country’s economic status of the existence of opportunities that can change the shape of the national economy and take it out of the circle of problems and put it on the right track and exit from traditional frameworks and move it to a stage commensurate with what your wealth and resources.

Advisor to the Prime Minister for Economic Affairs "The investment situation in the country today is at the crossroads of the fact that the dangers of the security situation and the occupation of the" preacher "was the point of separation, but today, after liberating the land and achieving victory, the investment situation is supposed to Completely changed ".

Investment law Saleh said: "Over the past ten years, the investment law remained despite the encouragement of the need to stand at some of its joints."

He continued after the Kuwait conference there are questions raised what is the appropriate climate for investment, pointing out that "this issue today is adopted by the adoption of the political leadership of Iraq’s economic in general,

stressing that the state prepared for this file, the problem is not the security threat after its demise, but there are risks related to bureaucracy and corruption in the application of laws It is one of the important things that will be taken
into Alaattabar.

hoshra Iraq investment Law No. 13 of 2010, as amended , to regulate the economic processes in all sectors through the issuance of investment maps showing how many projects
needed by the country. heritage old

He added that "this legacy is not new, so formed the Higher Committee for Reconstruction and Investment Prime Minister and the membership of a number of executive ministers to oversee the adoption and implementation of strategic investments and the task in the lives of Iraqis and through formations to facilitate the work of investors in Iraq in general, away from bureaucracy to Deal with corruption and work to facilitate the work of investors under the auspices of the head of state. "


He stressed that "Iraq in this direction will move to investment through attention from the top, the fact that the only disabled security can enable Iraq to overcome it as the country became one unit after stability and victory over a supporter." Alternative economy

"Investor protection, repression and counter-bureaucracy will start from the pyramid of the higher state, and in this way there will be an encouraging climate and the situation
will change,
" he said , adding more than two years ago.

The prime minister pointed out the important issue is that fighting investment in the level of terrorism is not simple saying that those who oppose investment such as carrying weapons from the terrorists against the state entity and its institutions, adding that "the suppression of investment is a terrorist, where will deal with those who exceed the Invests and hinders foreign investment and domestic legal and will be subjected to penalties of up to the criminalization of terrorism.

" Labor market

Economic expert Ahmed Al-Attar that "investment is an imperative necessity to promote the economic reality of the country, and this does not cost the country the trouble of seeking investments, in light of the availability of all the fundamentals to activate the local labor market."

He pointed out that "the capacity of employment opportunities owned by Iraq is a great attraction for the international effort specialized and looking for an ideal working environment for the recruitment of capital and the advanced technology to serve the economy and mutual benefit, especially that Iraq has a good investment law at the level of the region, Security can promote investment and cooperation with major international companies in the industrial, agricultural
and service sectors. "

He stressed "the importance of concerted efforts by all parties concerned with economic affairs to create an environment attractive to international companies and start the process of development strongly and commensurate with Iraq’s
economic capabilities

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=157105

By John Lee.

The United Nations has advertised new positions in Iraq:

(Source: UN)

(Picture: Finger pressing a new career start button, from Olivier Le Moal/Shutterstock)

By John Lee.

The United Nations has advertised new positions in Iraqi Kurdistan:

(Source: UN)

(Picture: Success, growth, career, development signpost from 3D_Creation/Shutterstock)

Economic rise of oil prices will save Iraq 20 trillion dinars
5/9/2018


KUWAITMIDIA – The parliamentary economic committee confirmed on Wednesday that the high price of oil will provide Iraq about 20 trillion dinars if it continues to rise until this year, indicating that the surplus that will be achieved from the rise of oil will eliminate the budget deficit.

"The budget of 2018 approved the price of a barrel of oil 46 dollars amid a large budget deficit," noting that "the recent rise and reach the threshold of 70 dollars for Iraqi oil will provide Iraq more than 20 trillion dinars if the rise or stability of this case To the end of this year. "

Najib added that "the surplus that will be achieved from the rise of oil will eliminate the budget deficit with the achievement of financial abundance," asserting "the possibility of using this investment projects."

She added that "the financial abundance will strengthen the position of Iraq to the International Monetary Fund and concerns that it has the inability of Iraq to repay the recent loans."

http://www.knoozmedia.com/336416/%D8…7%D9%84%D9%86/

Abadi: Statement of reference road map of the political process

5/9/2018

The Council of Ministers will vote on the controls loaning the employee to the private sector
Baghdad / Al- Sabah
called on Prime Minister, Haider al – Abadi, all competing political blocs, to focus on electoral programs and open up to each other in the formation of the next government, and while stressing the need to move away from the miscarriage campaigns that have escalated recently , Confirmed that the last statement of reference, served as a road map for the political process.

Abadi calls to stay away from the language of punctuation coincided with his emphasis on the move towards the stage of construction and reconstruction as well as the completion of the file of electric power, which we hope to reach 20 thousand megawatts soon.

This comes at a time when the Council of Ministers voted yesterday to provide the immediate requirements for the control of the Iraqi-Syrian border, as well as vote on the controls of secondment of the employee to work in the private sector.

"The supreme authority confirmed in its historic statement last week that the only way to preserve the gains of the democratic process is through the electoral process, which is the only way to choose Iraqis for their representatives," Abadi said at his weekly press conference.

Clear and indisputable. " Abadi stressed that "the government has completed all the requirements for the elections, whether logistical or financial." Abadi pointed to the meeting of the ministerial energy committee held last week.

He explained that «the funds were allocated for the sustainability of increasing electricity production during the summer period by increasing the production of petroleum derivatives to generate

"He pointed out that« the next phase will witness reconstruction and construction, as will increase the need for electricity, and God willing, we will seek in the short period to produce 20,000 megawatts to meet those needs ».

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=156910

Keywords: Government intends to transfer powers to the provinces

5/9/2018

To activate the provision of services to citizens
Baghdad / Sabah
Between the Secretary General of the Council of Ministers Mehdi Alalak, the Government’s intention to implement the transfer of powers to all provinces, and review the administrative structures of the associated formations and institutions In the governorates.

A statement issued by the Secretariat, received by Al-Sabah, said that "Al-Alak chaired the first meeting of the steering committee of the pilot program on federalism, financial decentralization and building resilience in Iraq, in the presence of the head of the council of advisers in the Council of Ministers, Maysan,

the undersecretaries of the ministries concerned, and the director and members of the Hawkamah Institute of Canada to implement the program of joint cooperation between the Iraqi and
Canadian governments . "

The statement added that the meeting discussed the implementation of Article 45 of the Provincial Law No. 21 of 2008 and its amendments regarding the transfer of jobs, assignments and powers to the two governorates in full,

as well as the plan of the Institute for the implementation of the program to build the capacity of the leadership and administrative authorities in the governorates and councils to activate the provision of services to citizens. Over the next six months. "

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=156901

NATO works closely with Iraq to strengthen good governance in the Iraqi security structures

Over a hundred representatives from twenty ministries and institutions across the Iraqi government attended a workshop organized by NATO in Baghdad, on 24 to 26 April 2018. The focus was on best practices to strengthen transparency, accountability and good governance within the national security institutions and other government structures.

Brigadier General Francesco Giuliano, NATO Senior Military Officer in Iraq, underlined the impact of corruption on lasting security. “The effects of corruption are devastating for the state, as they cause defence systems to fail, ” he pointed out.  Transparent and accountable defense institutions are key to the stability of states.

In accordance with the NATO Building Integrity Policy endorsed by the Heads of State and Government at the NATO Warsaw Summit in 2016, the Alliance provides support to its members and partner countries to strengthen good governance and integrity in their national defence and security structures.

The seminar provided a forum for the Iraqi representatives to exchange views, including with  international partners, on how to tackle issues of corruption within their respective organizations. Following the military defeat of Daesh, the Government of Iraq has made the fight against corruption its top priority. The process of fighting corruption is complex.

Quoting the Iraqi Prime Minister, “fighting against corruption in our country is more dangerous than the war against terrorism,” Brigadier General Riyadh from the Prime Minister National Operations Centre said.  The participants also discussed about how to identify corruption risks, develop mitigation strategies and mechanisms of accountability and oversight, and strengthen professionalism and the culture of integrity in public institutions through education and training.

The fight against corruption requires a comprehensive approach. Against this background, the mentioned workshop featured the participation by representatives of other international organizations, including – amongst others – the United Nations, the European Union, and the International Committee of the Red Cross.

This initiative was part of a series of workshops organized by  NATO to boost cooperation between Iraqi civil and military institutions.  These events contribute to the wider NATO training and capacity building efforts aimed at improving the effectiveness and sustainment of the Iraqi security structures.

(Source: NATO)