Following the earlier announcement that Philip Dimmock will retire and thus not seek re-election at today’s Annual General Meeting, Gulf Keystone Petroleum (GKP) has announced the appointment of Martin Angle as Senior Independent Non-Executive Director with effect from Monday 16th July 2018.

Mr Angle has had a distinguished executive career across investment banking, private equity and industry. His previous roles include senior positions with SG Warburg & Co. Ltd, Morgan Stanley, Dresdner Kleinwort Benson, as well as the Group Finance Director at TI Group plc, then a FTSE100 company.

More recently, he spent time at Terra Firma Capital Partners where he held various senior roles in its portfolio companies. As a Non-Executive Director he has served on a number of Boards including Savills plc, where he was the Senior Independent Director, National Exhibition Group (Chairman), Severstal, and Dubai International Capital.

He currently chairs the Remuneration Committee and is a member of the Audit, Nomination and Sustainability Committees at Pennon Group, a FTSE 250 company.

On joining the GKP Board following the Annual General Meeting, Mr Angle will also succeed Philip Dimmock as Chairman of the Remuneration Committee and join the Audit and Risk Committee.

Jaap Huijskes, Gulf Keystone’s Non-Executive Chairman, said:

We are very pleased to welcome Martin Angle to the Board. Martin brings a depth of financial, commercial and boardroom experience to the Company and we look forward to his support and counsel at this exciting time as we prepare to invest to increase production at Shaikan.

“On behalf of everyone at the Company, we would also like to thank Philip Dimmock for his considerable contribution to the Board since his appointment; he leaves the Company at a time when the Company has strengthened considerably.

(Source: GKP)

By John Lee.

Protestors took to the streets of Basra for the fourth day on Wednesday, protesting the killing of a demonstrator by security forces, and demanding jobs and public services.

According to AFP, protesters also blocked the road leading to the oilfields of West Qurna, while international oil companies (IOCs) have reportedly moved senior staff out of the area for their security.

On Tuesday, the Cabinet approved measures to improve the delivery of essential public services in Basra province, with a focus on improving the supply of electricity to homes and businesses.

It also “instructed Iraq’s embassies, consulates and all border entry points to apply new visa and residency fees for foreign nationals seeking to enter Iraq“.

The Cabinet voted to establish a specialist committee staffed by teams from the Planning and the Construction & Housing Ministries to assess the value of resuming several incomplete or suspended projects, and instructed the Ministry of Finance to speed up the allocation of funds for projects that are deemed suitable for completion.

Meanwhile, Oil Minister Jabar Ali al-Luaibi [Allibi, Luiebi] ordered “secondary contractor companies in West Qurna oil field to provide new jobs for the citizens of the neighbor towns near to the field“, and to “provide additional jobs for the citizens of Shatt Al-Arab district and the other towns“.

Otherwise“, he added, “the Ministry will take the appropriate procedures towards the companies that violates the directions“.

(Sources: AFP, Iraqi Cabinet, Ministry of Oil)

(Picture credit: Ahmed Mahmoud)

Dhi Qar produces six tons of honey annually


News Network Nasiriyah:The Directorate of Agriculture Dhi Qar said today that the province’s production of natural honey from private beekeepers amounted to about six tons a year.

The assistant director of agriculture Dhi Qar Faraj Nahi told the news network Nasiriyah that the number of dead in the province of 112, including 869 bee hives, mostly in the cities of Suq al-Shuyukh and Shatrah al-Nasr, which annually produces 5850 kg of natural honey.

He explained that the Directorate of Agriculture and to support the production of honey organized an orientation seminar for all beekeepers aimed at directing them to interest cells and address the problems and obstacles in their work.

He pointed out that the Directorate will work in the coming months to implement a campaign to combat large pests and diseases that affect bees in all cities of the over.

The poverty in Iraq


Income is earned by one of the most important human life sizes which provides him free and dignified life and can enjoy good nutrition, health and education and achieve their legitimate aspirations, and bugs and declines in income of people exposed to a lot of troubles and challenges and produce them poverty which is the focus of the Our conversation, note that the poverty in Iraq is not new, as are all of the international community and the peoples of the universe although poverty rates varied among them.

But the events that followed the occupation and regime change after the year 2003 had a significant impact on the emergence of a new and large layers of other rich and poor at the same time, the direct causes of poverty in Iraq before and after the occupation many factors are numerous and complex of eight years war with Iran,

invaded Kuwait WA For twelve years of siege that followed the American occupation sweep plow farm fields and destroyed all our production infrastructure later fifteen years of corruption and Iraq rights override State water international norms and laws, moreover, not justice.

In the distribution of national wealth, not to mention the weakness of successive Governments ruling Iraq and that absent and left her economic development plans and projects in addition to all kinds of challenges and wars of old ideological sectarianism, racism and wars accompanied by suspicious corruption armament operations Cost more than 25% of the State budget

and development affected the Iraqi capita of Iraq all these dangerous and difficult internal factors, external factors allowed pressure to intervene in our internal affairs including the details pan, and all these challenges and poverty areas sought agents who became scary,

Having formed the proportion living below the poverty line, 25 percent of Iraq’s population, which is awesome for oil reserves are country 135 billion barrels of oil and is the latest statistics by the current oil Minister petroleum Jabbar to play comfortably; long talk about the problem of poverty and inequality class in Iraq because of the complex and its factors Complicated foremost:


Corruption is one of the most important foundations for the factors of poverty and sabotage the institutions of the State, society, and civil peace, the security of citizens, destroying the building and reconstruction projects and investment, trimming regulations and laws, dropping the State’s prestige, and much more.

Corruption does not mean stealing public money, or misappropriation of State funds directly; work on construction contracts and tenders on business owners and contractors Government Loyalists, some leaders of the political blocs and units to State authorities in Parliament who They can disable its oversight role is the core of corruption,

because these are a corrupt reserves and umbrellas for every thirsty thieves and public money, and the power of citizens, are spreading poverty in society, and waste public money on bad fake projects unproductive and diuretic,

note that each This corruption and corrupt activities and suspicious is because of lack of accountability and transparency and parliamentary control, which because of her wasting money became public in bulk and permissible.

Hundreds of billions that did not know her by weakened state, and paid to borrow, after attending more than one million young people to the unemployment lines, and on the other end has increased and expanded the fortunes of the ruling class, her preference at all,

these layers that had a first floor And basic real investors who prefer to escape and cling to work in a professional atmosphere of pure competitive plus other aspects of corruption including bribery, extortion, embezzlement and neglect aspects of corruption spread today in State institutions because of a lack of competencies,

and the question when to work To encircle and scaling these pests to eradicate them, even if there are difficulties to be achieved, and do follow up fictitious companies calling it contracts and contracting and accounting for brokers and owners of these companies,

and put them in the dock and public trials before the people. If there was a real intention to fight corruption and stop havoc in State institutions

All these violations due to the weakness of successive Governments to rule the country and spread of corrupt at all levels, and the abuse of power, even by many of the security apparatus which imposes many bribes and elements that lead to security violations constitute serious risks to Community, practices and situations contributed to the destruction of the middle class who disappeared, melted and entered a poor layer,

and everyone knows the importance and role of this layer which is the conscious cultural and human capital which form of enlightening class in society, which swallowed by corruption after becoming industries National semi destitute or hidden, and disappeared with her product and his disappearance spread poverty, unemployment, lack of jobs,

the disappearance of national industries means lack of exports, as a source of hard currency after disappearing consumer protection system and kept out of sight, and didn’t find on the scene today is layers The new rich bourgeois or spammed, and are the product of many Alliance took power with the business,

what shows that the scourge of poverty is expanding to include new categories of Iraqi society, which still live on the ration card, and on the other to accumulate money and riches However,

the politically powerful in the State at all levels in addition to financiers and business supporters of the power forming large central keys of the country’s corrupt who made Iraq home to corruption and overtaking on human rights and poverty

Political chaos

In short our problem in Iraq today is not strong in politics; but who works for everyone involved and working in his specialty, so you see all politically and all leaders, all engineers, physicians, respite, mtkhandkin and dispersed Iraqis need for collecting them, and the question of which political or National political figure or party you can collect.

And do we need competent able featured wises Council support and by the Constitution to find and select a Prime Minister has the qualities of a leader and leadership and competence to lead the Government,

the Prime Minister of his national decision imposing his respect through personal and scientific and professional abilities and political history His estimable Word Prime national in conflict characterized by courage and transparency, informed, Prime Minister will respect the laws and regulations and apply them to himself and everyone bravely and without hesitation,

and everyone knows the work in Iraq is a State b (altvatin) for not owning The State national meaning lack of professional scientific approach roadmap agreed, political and State need programs and foundations and starting rules constructs meaning mature process road map to address the country’s many crises large and accumulated fifteen years ago

and all you see Talking about reform and change and fight corruption and integrity and reconstruction, investment and building the country, and have not achieved anything of all this and of all political parties and without exception, we individually far from collective national action that can process management Successful governance and political reform,

change and achieves surround corruption and corrupt accounting in public and action, not slogans and grandstanding, having been absent parliamentary control Parliament became a peg to meet and pass the desires of the masses, political parties, quotas, not meet the wishes of the people And the popular will.

External influences and their role in spreading and increasing poverty.

International financial institutions play a big role in imposing economic policies often restrict national political institutions, reduce the power and possibilities of proclamation of the institutions responsible for activities,

because of how the conditions are tough pressure on the leaders, politicians and decision makers in countries The third world and Iraq is part of this world that harsh conditions imposed by the IMF and the World Bank external conditions that have nothing to do with systemic national borrowing States inside despite having the Bank system and emphasizes the need not to cause any damage loans Borrowing powers,

and not to exercise any pressure on them, but in fact all these systems or regulations do not place her on the ground and are infiltrated and broken, and the borrowing countries, abiding by all the most liberal and open economic policies,

meet her loans, meaning that the systems This social States cannot be developed and established only according to liberal visions of the IMF and the World Bank, meaning it is only words and everyone sought to build and establish personal and selfish interests,

so push the conditions the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank (free market) down to scale the State And prevent it as much as possible not to intervene directly in economic life because of an unfair tax policies imposed on countries policies linked to limitations and conditions of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund and world trade,

is unjust and Iraq policies intended to drown in debt after he tripped State role Liberal interests social protection system that destroyed their world and savings rates, down to destroy Iraqi national economy which has become incapable of providing jobs for citizens.

The economy

25% of Iraqi people living under the poverty line due to the absence of national economic and social personalities and political economic field in addition to political pressures emerging that is destroying the inside of the national economy in all its dimensions the strategy

that led to spend billions on Fictitious enterprises due to fragmentation and political, social and security absence of internal national political will, led to loss of market size is desired effects and key factors contributed to deepening poverty and spread,

after declining development and distorts the economy and break it, and break the economy Agriculture, lack of investment that ebbed and tumbling and expulsion from Iraq and become has no place, because of corruption and corrupt people who are putting obstacles in the way professionals investors who refuse and not subject to extortion (alkhaoh)

each of these violations and corruption levelled ate national economy and undid Iraq We are one of the richest countries in the world that darted by corruption and poor management of State institutions and the power struggle to the foreign debt and its institutions

such as the IMF and accessories today Iraq is intended to go to scary and terrifying fiscal policies because these debts which increased class disparities and poverty areas The disappearance of the middle class and their impoverishment and destruction and the emergence of new-rich layers on the ruins and suffering new poor


Need development to clean skilled conscious ruling class can raise savings rates his power development which are the most important factors that work to alleviate poverty and address some of it to support economic growth and to increase its size by expanding small and medium-sized enterprises which have become real and not imaginary Part of the corruption here has to be mentioned

the State of self to build small projects like this that a large proportion of them did not materialize because of poor follow up State and checking the performance of these projects a reality on the ground means you go these advances to the misplaced and intended to SME advances made by a The State has not achieved anything on the ground

here must pass the importance and necessity of genuine human development through attention to the development of education and training, health and support the role of civil society institutions discreet jurisdiction and role and presence in the field have scientific committees headquarters

A professional add that social welfare is linked to social security programs which I wore suspicions of corruption because of moving away from justice and the distribution of income and the large proportion of alamsawah for the most money and not for the lowest income add so farming

but destruction means the destruction of the system Food security now that millions of agricultural land unfit for agriculture because of the stolen lots of water by Iraq neighboring countries which dominate the headwaters of rivers

and in fact reasons for this decline to a lack of political will and seav special occupational culture culture of all kinds and functions The executive-led Government add so what we touch food wastage on numerous occasions worth billions mean million tons go to trash.


Lacking social justice and the poor has increased poverty and rich blues and lost human rights and declining role of education and health services in General and all this happened and continues to happen because of lack of accountability and accounting

after becoming income rate in Iraq of three hundred dollars to five hundred dollars all because of absence of accountability mean D lack of accountability of the political class that governs accountability for all these failures and causes of corruption and the deterioration of infrastructure and services and is intended to the deterioration of the human rights

Absence of popular attendance

Iraq officials became fun citizens of electricity, water and food crises and wars, terrorism, extremism and the atonement and becoming laws and regulations and other policy decisions are formulated and recognizes the shape intersects with the wishes and the will of the Iraqi people and his absence from the political arena

if there or attending Popular opposition to any policy to spread corruption and entrenched in the body of the State and society and take control of decisions and political directions after I missed a word people in all the devastation and destruction and struggles for power and the solution lies in changing policies and Government work

and show diagrams and State projects here highlights the role Intellectuals and people unemployed and poor people living under the poverty line lttzaver their efforts towards peaceful activities and national action clear and strong to correct the March of political,

social and economic state after all these terrorist incursions and sectarianism and takfiri and ruin all these situations Zada home ruined and poor and deteriorating because of failed policies only change a national revival and popular presence policy change

at the forefront of economic and financial policies to boost the stability of the political situation and in particular, the national people’s presence is achieved will change to return Iraq to lead Himself and participate in this region depends on popular consciousness,

which could change the political, economic and development realities, which can be achieved only by presence in the field and practical for the masses and is not long after he became a stone that poverty and living under a plan generates a blast for reform and change,

Because the failure of politics and the presence of corruption and terrorism and wars, sectarian atonement made poverty and caste inequality, underdevelopment and the public aware of their responsibilities and you took the initiative to be national security valve,

here must remind political leaders that they must work hard. And perseverance and wisdom and professional and clear visions and ripe for change and switch all the tracks before the flood.

Amendment of the labor law is necessary to support industry and investment


Abdul Aziz Al – Khudairi *
There is no doubt that unemployment is one of the biggest challenges of the Iraqi economy , it is a social problem, economic, and political experts differ in estimating the size of unemployment , which ranges between 3-4 million unemployed.

The crisis of water scarcity in the Tigris and Euphrates rivers will push hundreds of thousands of workers in the agricultural sector to migrate to the cities in order to live and find jobs for them.

The expectations are that the number of new unemployed will rise by at least one million unemployed who are expected to migrate to cities during this period. Year and next year which will increase the unemployment crisis in the country.

There is no doubt that the aim of the legislator of the labor law was to encourage and regulate the employment of Iraqi workers in industrial projects and investment in the private sector, which began to move with the clear and strong support of the state during the last year.

Most of the national industry in Iraq is based on the use of labor intensive and not designed or ready for high mechanization because most of these private industrial projects are not modern and limited production capacity required because the size of the market is still limited in the beginning.

One of the biggest drawbacks of the current Labor Law is the lack of flexibility to terminate the services of the worker without the approval of the Minister of Labor or after the establishment of special committees to investigate the reasons for ending the services of the worker, making the termination of the worker is almost impossible.

The lack of flexibility in the labor law for 2015 can not create a competitive atmosphere for workers in any productive institution, which leads to a clear reduction in productivity and competition among workers for the purpose of developing professional and technical expertise and increasing production capacity without which we can not build a national industry or successful investment in Iraq.

The determination of the industrial and the investor in the termination of worker services does not serve the correct productive environment and does not serve the interests of the workers in general and makes the employer reluctant to appoint large numbers of local workers because of the lack of flexibility to terminate the worker’s services.

The current routine and the current instructions to end the services of the secured worker are a clear obstruction of industry and investment.

A number of industrialists have appeared reluctant to hire workers because they do not want to get involved or get into the complexities of ending the inefficient or seasonal worker services in some seasonal projects such as juices, Is not efficient with a good worker or has more experience than the old factor,

where this competitive element between the good and the bad worker is eliminated if the worker understands that it is not easy to replace by another factor and thus disappear competitive spirit in the work, and without a clear competition in the work can not We are building a successful national industry.

Iraq urgently needs to encourage the industrial sector and foreign investors to create jobs in order to reduce the high unemployment crisis. Any foreign or Iraqi investor will hesitate very much after looking at the current labor law and instructions, especially the lack of flexibility to end the services. The worker should request this.

That Iraq is a country in dire need to fight unemployment clearly and that any obstruction of employment is not in the interest of the economy or unemployed worker.

We call on the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs to reconsider to find high flexibility in ending the services of the private sector worker and reviewing the labor law In the clause on termination of worker services.
* International economist

This article was originally published by Niqash. Any opinions expressed are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.

By Ahmad Waheed.

Women In Conservative Basra Seek – And Find – More Freedoms

An influx of investors, immigration, better security and more shopping malls is emboldening females in the southern city of Basra.

Shahid and Nour al-Rubaie sit on the third floor of one of the largest shopping malls in Basra, waiting for their lunch. The two women might look innocuous to some  but for many locals, they are still an interesting sight: Two women, on their own, without a male guardian, out shopping and eating in what is still a fairly conservative southern Iraqi city.

“Today Basra is a very safe place,” Shahid told NIQASH. “There are malls like this that we can walk around. We can wear what we want in here because it is closed and safe,” she added, before explaining that in the recent past she used to dress far more conservatively, for fear of provoking the armed militia members who patrolled the city’s streets.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Basra was a relatively cosmopolitan place. In the 1990s, it started to become more traditional and after 2003, and the US-led invasion of Iraq, Basra – one of Iraq’s biggest cities – became increasingly conservative again, partially due to the competing militias that tried to take control of parts of the city, ostensibly to maintain security.

But in recent years that fundamentalist feeling has faded somewhat. Since 2008, the Iraqi government has been disarming the militias and has arrested several of the most prominent leaders.

And as the city has attracted more investment, families who have lived elsewhere have returned to Basra or moved here, and often they have brought less conservative attitudes with them.

The militias who patrolled the cities once put up signs warning local females not wear make-up or go out without a veil on. At local universities, those women who chose not to wear a veil or who wore clothes that strict religious rules said were provocative, were often harassed.

But today there are more unveiled women, more women driving cars in Basra or going shopping without a male family member. There are even primary schools with mixed classes that have been so popular that other investors are founding similar private schools.


Basra women in the 1960s.


“We have issued many more driving licenses to women in the past three years,” says Riyad al-Eidani, a spokesperson for the provincial traffic department. “This is because women now go to work or drive their children to schools. They are also buying their own cars.”

The number of women drivers has increased so much that male drivers are no longer surprised to see a female in charge of a vehicle, al-Eidani adds. “And we have actually realised that women are more careful drivers. They cause fewer accidents and abide by the law.”

There are even female traffic officers now. Basra’s women have also started doing other jobs, without fear of recrimination.

“Today we have many females who can model for us in Basra,” says local fashion designer,  Ziad al-Athari, “Ten years ago we could never find anyone to model because of tribal and community restrictions. But today we have many candidates for our shows.”

Iraqi women in conservative areas are often criticised as loose if they do anything  – such as modelling, sinigang or acting – that puts them in front of an audience. In Basra, fashion shows could only be staged in well-guarded venues at first but now they’ve become more popular and are often open to the general public.

“As a result of far better security we now see many women in Basra taking up jobs; some even start businesses,” al-Athari explains. “They also benefit from what’s going on in other countries where they can see women working and independent but still respectable.”

The first union of local Iraqi businesswomen was established in Basra in 2011.

Today all of this means everything, and not much at all, to the al-Rubaie sisters in the mall. They’re more interested in relaxing and shopping. After lunch, they set off into the mall, to look at some clothes and trinkets and then afterwards, Shahid drives her sister home.

Reconstruction and recovery in Iraq: Reviving the Spirit of Mosul

The ‘Revive the Spirit of Mosul’ Initiative was presented on 30 June 2018 during the 42nd session of the World Heritage Committee.

Launched by UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay in February 2018, the Mosul Initiative is conceived in partnership with the Iraqi Government to integrate the human dimension in the reconstruction and recovery of the city, particularly through culture and education, after years of painful destruction. Between 2014 and 2017, historic monuments and sites were systematically destroyed in Iraq.

Ernesto Ottone-Ramirez, UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Culture, pointed out that the international community has the responsibility to support the Iraqi people in the reconstruction and recovery of Iraq, and that the first signs are already positive.

“Last April in Baghdad, UNESCO and the United Arab Emirates signed a historic partnership for the reconstruction of Mosul, which includes rebuilding the iconic Great Mosque of Al Nuri and its leaning Al-Hadba minaret. This pioneering partnership is a message of hope that Iraq’s future will be shaped with its young women and men as agents of reconstruction and change in a prosperous, inclusive, reconciled and open society.” The United Arab Emirates have committed USD 50.4 million to rebuild and restore the Al Nuri Mosque over a five-year period.

H.E Fryad Rawandouzi, Minister of Culture, Tourism and Antiquities of Iraq, expressed his gratitude to the countries standing alongside Iraq to protect its culture. “Iraq, which has stood up in the face of terrorism and triumphed, is fully aware of the power of culture to bring back hope and peace, and restore the archaeological sites, museums, buildings and intangible heritage that terrorism has destroyed. Culture contributes to peaceful coexistence.”

He also took the occasion to hand to Mr Ottone-Ramirez the submission of Mosul to be included on the Tentative List of sites of Iraq, for potential future inscription on the World Heritage List.

H.E Ruba Al Hassan, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Culture and Knowledge Development, United Arab Emirates, said, “We have a collective responsibility, not only in the Arab region, but in the wider international community towards Iraq and other nations that have endured conflict to work towards protecting our shared heritage, not only as Muslims or as Arabs but as human beings who value the wealth and weight that heritage and culture brings to enriching our common humanity.”

Mosul is a living symbol of the multifaceted identity of Iraq, and one of the oldest cities in the world; it is at the crossroads of the Middle East and bears witness to the wealth of civilizations that crossed the region over centuries. The archaeological site of Nimrud, the Museum of Mosul, the Nabi Younes Shrine and many other sites there have been targeted for intentional destruction.

The ‘Revive the Spirit of Mosul’ initiative is a UNESCO priority and one of its most ambitious reconstruction and recovery campaigns.

A conference organized in conjunction with the Iraqi Government will take place at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris on 10 September 2018, to mobilize the support of the international community.

(Source: UNESCO)

A total of 76 Iraqi civilians were killed and another 129 injured in acts of terrorism, violence and armed conflict in Iraq in June 2018*, according to casualty figures recorded by the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI).

The figures include ordinary citizens and others considered civilian at the time of death or injury, such as police in non-combat functions, civil defence, personal security teams, facilities protection police and fire department personnel.

Of the overall figures recorded by UNAMI for the month of June, the number of civilians killed (not including police) was 68, while the number of injured (not including police) was 118.

Diyala was the worst affected Governorate, with 52 civilian casualties (16 killed, 36 injured), followed by Kirkuk (10 killed, 36 injured) and Baghdad (19 killed and 18 injured).

According to information obtained by UNAMI from the Health Directorate in Anbar, the Governorate suffered a total of 7 civilian casualties (none killed, 7 injured). Figures are updated until 30 June 2018, inclusive.

*CAVEAT: UNAMI has been hindered in effectively verifying casualties in certain areas; in some cases, UNAMI could only partially verify certain incidents. Figures for casualties from Anbar Governorate are provided by the Health Directorate and might not fully reflect the number of casualties due to the increased volatility of the situation on the ground in Anbar and the disruption of services. For these reasons, the figures reported have to be considered as the absolute minimum.

(Source: United Nations)

World Bank: The Central Bank has succeeded in enhancing confidence between banks and citizens

Economy NewsThe World Bank announced that the Central Bank has succeeded in enhancing confidence between banks and citizens, revealing the existence of six projects in Iraq, this year worth 1.4 billion dollars, while disclosing the establishment of projects worth 4.6 billion dollars in the past years.

The World Bank representative in Iraq, Yara Salem, said in a press statement, in cooperation with the Iraqi political and economic center, that "the World Bank has presented in Iraq this year six projects worth 1.4 billion dollars, but over the past years provided a total of 4.6 billion dollars."

She added that ‘the World Bank has provided a large package of projects in Iraq are loans aimed at improving conditions in liberated areas and the development of infrastructure such as schools, bridges and medical centers, and at the same time the development of social aspects in those areas through the provision of soft loans to support small projects’, pointing out that’ the years The coming will see an expansion in the projects, and sectors of different sectors including transport, education and health ‘.

"The economic reforms carried out by the government have positive effects in the long and near term and its reform program requires the imposition of some customs duties to strengthen its financial resources to complete investment operations in the liberated areas.

This is normal for a country that seeks to maximize its economic resources," she said. That ‘the taxes were developed in accordance with financial policies and standards rational and in a way that serves all segments of society, especially the extremely poor.’

The representative of the World Bank in Iraq, confirmed that ‘the Iraqi government is moving towards reducing its debt below the 60% of GDP, the limit reached by the index of public debt relative to gross output’, believing in ‘the possibility of the government to pay many of these debts, especially in light of the rise Global oil prices’.

"The World Bank is assisting the Iraqi government to develop the banking sector by offering reform proposals, restructuring and reform of the governance system in order to optimize the use of existing resources in banks and increase citizens’ banking awareness," she said.

She stressed that ‘the central bank is working hard to put in place many measures that will enhance confidence between the citizen and the banking sector, but it is an effort that requires continuous work.

Yara Salem called on the Iraqi government to reduce reliance on the government sector to recruit graduates and encourage employment in the private sector and increase employment opportunities by creating an appropriate business environment that contributes to building the economic process.

She added that the Council of Ministers will hold future meetings with representatives of the private and public sectors in order to improve the standards that should be used to standardize customs tariffs between all border crossings and use technology to ensure transparency in dealing.

The caretaker government!


Ibrahim Abadi
Before the country entered into the crisis of contesting the legitimacy of the elections until the final decision on the results of the elections was transferred to the judges’ authority, not the authority of the Electoral Commission, months earlier, the expectations were that Iraq would not witness the birth of a new government with the specific constitutional dates.

It will take a long time, due to these expectations was due mainly to the multiplicity of blocks and electoral regulations, and fragmentation of the previous alliances, which dominated the sectarian or national character without much success, for what is known as transit blocs.

It was clear that a constitutional imbalance is responsible for this situation, the formation of the largest bloc and the nomination of this bloc to the Prime Minister, whether elected or not elected, this imbalance allowed many politicians to be aspiring prime minister, and allowed the blocks to compete for this position,

And difficult to the last moment, to win a large share of the government’s formation in exchange for the waiver of the post of prime minister, this dilemma of Iraq’s democratic, which turned into a political disease is difficult to cure, the authors of the Constitution escaped tyranny and dictatorship to a form of twisted democratic construction that held things difficult and important The task of forming the government is an arduous task,

fraught with foreign intervention, pressures, bargaining and deals, which increase the burden of governance and burden the governors, weaken the confidence of the governed and make the game of power and deliberation a matter for politicians and not for the people and voters.

And until the coming government emerges and the Iraqis see an effective government they have to wait a long time until the train reaches the final stage of the election process, between the ratification of the election results and the signing of the results of the recent negotiations between the political blocs and parties,

that the elections alone does not resolve the matter of government and government and must (tutelage) The political outcome of the government produced by the agreements, not the form of coalition governments, which are formed in many countries in our world, the distribution of the votes between the parties and multiple blocs.

Yes, he may say, "What is wrong with that?" The formation of the government in Belgium took 11 months. In Germany, Chancellor Merkel needed several months to announce her government.

In Israel, it takes months to form governments. Why are we in a hurry? We are like them and we are still in the first democratic period after decades of tyranny and lack of experience in democratic practice !!! ,

And this is a sound statement at first sight and correct in terms of formality, but in essence there is a great risk committed by the political class and is taking time in marathon negotiations in order to win a share in the government to be a window in his decisions, which proved the facts that it was useful to politicians and did not benefit The voters who elected them,

which accumulated layers of mistrust and frustration and increased the gap between the politician and the citizen and spread cases of despair and despair and the desire to rebel and the willingness of violence and to forgive every decision and plan and law and action taken by the government or parliament, lost prestige of governance and weakened the value of laws and policies,

The politician is a platform for ridicule, ridiculed by the politicized media and ridiculed by the simple man of the street, and ended with the weakness of the state and its weakness in the face of fierce challenges that impose the discipline of citizens and the power of politicians and the effectiveness of the executors and authority in the eyes of all.

When the governments continue to perform their duties, they are pursuing a government and an outgoing prime minister. We fear the country and its people for the futility of the abusers, the traitors, the terrorists and the corrupt.

This calls for wise behavior, renunciation of the struggle and fierce competition for power, speeding up the formation of government programs, plans and projects, And the sharing of influence, people are no longer able to adjust their emotions, and the wise politician who prefers to read the events before they are distracted by their wrath.