The poverty in Iraq
Income is earned by one of the most important human life sizes which provides him free and dignified life and can enjoy good nutrition, health and education and achieve their legitimate aspirations, and bugs and declines in income of people exposed to a lot of troubles and challenges and produce them poverty which is the focus of the Our conversation, note that the poverty in Iraq is not new, as are all of the international community and the peoples of the universe although poverty rates varied among them.
But the events that followed the occupation and regime change after the year 2003 had a significant impact on the emergence of a new and large layers of other rich and poor at the same time, the direct causes of poverty in Iraq before and after the occupation many factors are numerous and complex of eight years war with Iran,
invaded Kuwait WA For twelve years of siege that followed the American occupation sweep plow farm fields and destroyed all our production infrastructure later fifteen years of corruption and Iraq rights override State water international norms and laws, moreover, not justice.
In the distribution of national wealth, not to mention the weakness of successive Governments ruling Iraq and that absent and left her economic development plans and projects in addition to all kinds of challenges and wars of old ideological sectarianism, racism and wars accompanied by suspicious corruption armament operations Cost more than 25% of the State budget
and development affected the Iraqi capita of Iraq all these dangerous and difficult internal factors, external factors allowed pressure to intervene in our internal affairs including the details pan, and all these challenges and poverty areas sought agents who became scary,
Having formed the proportion living below the poverty line, 25 percent of Iraq’s population, which is awesome for oil reserves are country 135 billion barrels of oil and is the latest statistics by the current oil Minister petroleum Jabbar to play comfortably; long talk about the problem of poverty and inequality class in Iraq because of the complex and its factors Complicated foremost:
Corruption is one of the most important foundations for the factors of poverty and sabotage the institutions of the State, society, and civil peace, the security of citizens, destroying the building and reconstruction projects and investment, trimming regulations and laws, dropping the State’s prestige, and much more.
Corruption does not mean stealing public money, or misappropriation of State funds directly; work on construction contracts and tenders on business owners and contractors Government Loyalists, some leaders of the political blocs and units to State authorities in Parliament who They can disable its oversight role is the core of corruption,
because these are a corrupt reserves and umbrellas for every thirsty thieves and public money, and the power of citizens, are spreading poverty in society, and waste public money on bad fake projects unproductive and diuretic,
note that each This corruption and corrupt activities and suspicious is because of lack of accountability and transparency and parliamentary control, which because of her wasting money became public in bulk and permissible.
Hundreds of billions that did not know her by weakened state, and paid to borrow, after attending more than one million young people to the unemployment lines, and on the other end has increased and expanded the fortunes of the ruling class, her preference at all,
these layers that had a first floor And basic real investors who prefer to escape and cling to work in a professional atmosphere of pure competitive plus other aspects of corruption including bribery, extortion, embezzlement and neglect aspects of corruption spread today in State institutions because of a lack of competencies,
and the question when to work To encircle and scaling these pests to eradicate them, even if there are difficulties to be achieved, and do follow up fictitious companies calling it contracts and contracting and accounting for brokers and owners of these companies,
and put them in the dock and public trials before the people. If there was a real intention to fight corruption and stop havoc in State institutions
All these violations due to the weakness of successive Governments to rule the country and spread of corrupt at all levels, and the abuse of power, even by many of the security apparatus which imposes many bribes and elements that lead to security violations constitute serious risks to Community, practices and situations contributed to the destruction of the middle class who disappeared, melted and entered a poor layer,
and everyone knows the importance and role of this layer which is the conscious cultural and human capital which form of enlightening class in society, which swallowed by corruption after becoming industries National semi destitute or hidden, and disappeared with her product and his disappearance spread poverty, unemployment, lack of jobs,
the disappearance of national industries means lack of exports, as a source of hard currency after disappearing consumer protection system and kept out of sight, and didn’t find on the scene today is layers The new rich bourgeois or spammed, and are the product of many Alliance took power with the business,
what shows that the scourge of poverty is expanding to include new categories of Iraqi society, which still live on the ration card, and on the other to accumulate money and riches However,
the politically powerful in the State at all levels in addition to financiers and business supporters of the power forming large central keys of the country’s corrupt who made Iraq home to corruption and overtaking on human rights and poverty
In short our problem in Iraq today is not strong in politics; but who works for everyone involved and working in his specialty, so you see all politically and all leaders, all engineers, physicians, respite, mtkhandkin and dispersed Iraqis need for collecting them, and the question of which political or National political figure or party you can collect.
And do we need competent able featured wises Council support and by the Constitution to find and select a Prime Minister has the qualities of a leader and leadership and competence to lead the Government,
the Prime Minister of his national decision imposing his respect through personal and scientific and professional abilities and political history His estimable Word Prime national in conflict characterized by courage and transparency, informed, Prime Minister will respect the laws and regulations and apply them to himself and everyone bravely and without hesitation,
and everyone knows the work in Iraq is a State b (altvatin) for not owning The State national meaning lack of professional scientific approach roadmap agreed, political and State need programs and foundations and starting rules constructs meaning mature process road map to address the country’s many crises large and accumulated fifteen years ago
and all you see Talking about reform and change and fight corruption and integrity and reconstruction, investment and building the country, and have not achieved anything of all this and of all political parties and without exception, we individually far from collective national action that can process management Successful governance and political reform,
change and achieves surround corruption and corrupt accounting in public and action, not slogans and grandstanding, having been absent parliamentary control Parliament became a peg to meet and pass the desires of the masses, political parties, quotas, not meet the wishes of the people And the popular will.
External influences and their role in spreading and increasing poverty.
International financial institutions play a big role in imposing economic policies often restrict national political institutions, reduce the power and possibilities of proclamation of the institutions responsible for activities,
because of how the conditions are tough pressure on the leaders, politicians and decision makers in countries The third world and Iraq is part of this world that harsh conditions imposed by the IMF and the World Bank external conditions that have nothing to do with systemic national borrowing States inside despite having the Bank system and emphasizes the need not to cause any damage loans Borrowing powers,
and not to exercise any pressure on them, but in fact all these systems or regulations do not place her on the ground and are infiltrated and broken, and the borrowing countries, abiding by all the most liberal and open economic policies,
meet her loans, meaning that the systems This social States cannot be developed and established only according to liberal visions of the IMF and the World Bank, meaning it is only words and everyone sought to build and establish personal and selfish interests,
so push the conditions the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank (free market) down to scale the State And prevent it as much as possible not to intervene directly in economic life because of an unfair tax policies imposed on countries policies linked to limitations and conditions of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund and world trade,
is unjust and Iraq policies intended to drown in debt after he tripped State role Liberal interests social protection system that destroyed their world and savings rates, down to destroy Iraqi national economy which has become incapable of providing jobs for citizens.
25% of Iraqi people living under the poverty line due to the absence of national economic and social personalities and political economic field in addition to political pressures emerging that is destroying the inside of the national economy in all its dimensions the strategy
that led to spend billions on Fictitious enterprises due to fragmentation and political, social and security absence of internal national political will, led to loss of market size is desired effects and key factors contributed to deepening poverty and spread,
after declining development and distorts the economy and break it, and break the economy Agriculture, lack of investment that ebbed and tumbling and expulsion from Iraq and become has no place, because of corruption and corrupt people who are putting obstacles in the way professionals investors who refuse and not subject to extortion (alkhaoh)
each of these violations and corruption levelled ate national economy and undid Iraq We are one of the richest countries in the world that darted by corruption and poor management of State institutions and the power struggle to the foreign debt and its institutions
such as the IMF and accessories today Iraq is intended to go to scary and terrifying fiscal policies because these debts which increased class disparities and poverty areas The disappearance of the middle class and their impoverishment and destruction and the emergence of new-rich layers on the ruins and suffering new poor
Need development to clean skilled conscious ruling class can raise savings rates his power development which are the most important factors that work to alleviate poverty and address some of it to support economic growth and to increase its size by expanding small and medium-sized enterprises which have become real and not imaginary Part of the corruption here has to be mentioned
the State of self to build small projects like this that a large proportion of them did not materialize because of poor follow up State and checking the performance of these projects a reality on the ground means you go these advances to the misplaced and intended to SME advances made by a The State has not achieved anything on the ground
here must pass the importance and necessity of genuine human development through attention to the development of education and training, health and support the role of civil society institutions discreet jurisdiction and role and presence in the field have scientific committees headquarters
A professional add that social welfare is linked to social security programs which I wore suspicions of corruption because of moving away from justice and the distribution of income and the large proportion of alamsawah for the most money and not for the lowest income add so farming
but destruction means the destruction of the system Food security now that millions of agricultural land unfit for agriculture because of the stolen lots of water by Iraq neighboring countries which dominate the headwaters of rivers
and in fact reasons for this decline to a lack of political will and seav special occupational culture culture of all kinds and functions The executive-led Government add so what we touch food wastage on numerous occasions worth billions mean million tons go to trash.
Lacking social justice and the poor has increased poverty and rich blues and lost human rights and declining role of education and health services in General and all this happened and continues to happen because of lack of accountability and accounting
after becoming income rate in Iraq of three hundred dollars to five hundred dollars all because of absence of accountability mean D lack of accountability of the political class that governs accountability for all these failures and causes of corruption and the deterioration of infrastructure and services and is intended to the deterioration of the human rights
Absence of popular attendance
Iraq officials became fun citizens of electricity, water and food crises and wars, terrorism, extremism and the atonement and becoming laws and regulations and other policy decisions are formulated and recognizes the shape intersects with the wishes and the will of the Iraqi people and his absence from the political arena
if there or attending Popular opposition to any policy to spread corruption and entrenched in the body of the State and society and take control of decisions and political directions after I missed a word people in all the devastation and destruction and struggles for power and the solution lies in changing policies and Government work
and show diagrams and State projects here highlights the role Intellectuals and people unemployed and poor people living under the poverty line lttzaver their efforts towards peaceful activities and national action clear and strong to correct the March of political,
social and economic state after all these terrorist incursions and sectarianism and takfiri and ruin all these situations Zada home ruined and poor and deteriorating because of failed policies only change a national revival and popular presence policy change
at the forefront of economic and financial policies to boost the stability of the political situation and in particular, the national people’s presence is achieved will change to return Iraq to lead Himself and participate in this region depends on popular consciousness,
which could change the political, economic and development realities, which can be achieved only by presence in the field and practical for the masses and is not long after he became a stone that poverty and living under a plan generates a blast for reform and change,
Because the failure of politics and the presence of corruption and terrorism and wars, sectarian atonement made poverty and caste inequality, underdevelopment and the public aware of their responsibilities and you took the initiative to be national security valve,
here must remind political leaders that they must work hard. And perseverance and wisdom and professional and clear visions and ripe for change and switch all the tracks before the flood.