Governor of the Central Bank of Iraq: We plan to delete zeros from the local currency

By Rodao 17/9/2018


Different categories of Iraqi currency

Roudao – Erbil

The governor of the Central Bank, Ali Alaak, on Monday, the existence of a plan to delete zeros from the local currency, noting that "this plan needs to deliberate steps, so as not to be exploited in the fraud.

Al-Alak said in a statement to the official Sabah newspaper that "currencies with small categories, may lead the citizen to bid farewell to banks in the difficulty of storage."

He added that "the central bank has a future plan to restructure the Iraqi currency, including the deletion of zeros, but this plan needs to deliberate steps, and a stable situation in order not to be exploited in the work of fraud and others."

He explained that "the Central Bank has a reserve of foreign currency very comfortable, approaching close to $ 60 billion, compared to 43 trillion dinars, which means that it covers 170 percent of the size of the mass of cash."

On the launch of the currency of the category of 100 thousand dinars, the central bank governor pointed out that "these ideas are traded by the Central Bank, but at the present time regret it."

The central bank introduced in April a project to delete three zeros from the currency, in order to confront inflation and stimulate the economy, but was forced to stop because of the deterioration of the security and political situation in the country "to prevent manipulation and fraud of weak souls."

Small denominations of currency


Mustafa Mohamed Ibrahim
Economists define money as anything acceptable general acceptance of payment for economic goods or services, or for the repayment of

Money is the basic part of human life, especially after the end of the barter can not eat or drink or spend his work only with the availability of money has, after this simple illustration in this article explains the role of the Central Bank not to put it for small cash categories (250, 500) This is what I hear from most of the public when we rent a car or when we buy clothes or food.

Economic researchers are talking about why the central bank did not print small (new) monetary categories and which department is responsible for the currency.

The answer to this question is that I did not defend the Central Bank and did not make any effort in this matter, despite the fact that it is an important and sensitive subject.

There is a claim that the most important function of the Central Bank is issuing the currency.

I disagree with them on this point. The center is printing the Iraqi currency in the best printing presses in the world, namely (Germany) and therefore there is a department of issuance and the treasury is responsible for issuing and follow up this money, especially

The 250 currency currency has a life to reprint and the cash currency (500) has the same age to be reprinted.

The central is to replace the most used (damaged) cash categories (250, 500) from the public and banks without a commission. This is a step towards achieving The stability of the bank will be carried out by the Central Bank

In addition to the withdrawal of a large amount of categories (damaged) from the public daily, the Department of the issuance and cabinets in the Central Bank of Iraq to withdraw these categories damaged from the public and replace them with new categories and then press and puncture and tearing in the sites of the Department of the issuance and then print new categories with
their cost .

The centralist has a great responsibility and is capable of this task, where he works to follow the reality of the cash circulation, and takes into account the circulation of the small group and non-acceptance of the damaged ones in simple daily transactions, so the solution was to work to put the
required categories .

The World Bank Group and the European Union have signed a €15.6 million (US$18.1 equivalent) technical assistance program to strengthen public financial management (PFM) oversight and accountability Institutions in Iraq and increase the efficiency in the management of public resources and delivery of services.

The initiative, which will be implemented jointly by the European Union and the World Bank, complements the $41.5 million “Modernization of Public Financial Management Systems” program launched by the World Bank in 2017. It addresses some of the key vulnerabilities in Iraq’s PFM and supports the commitments and objectives for PFM reform currently under implementation.

“PFM is an essential part of any development process”, said Saroj Kumar Jha, World Bank Mashreq Regional Director. “Sound PFM supports aggregate control, prioritization, accountability and efficiency in the management of public resources and delivery of services, which are critical to the achievement of public policy objectives, as well as to restoring the trust and social contract between Iraqi citizens and the country’s institutions”.

As aid is increasingly provided through modalities that rely on well-functioning systems for budget development, execution and control, a sound PFM system is fundamental to the appropriate use and effectiveness of donor assistance. A more efficient PFM system is also instrumental in reducing inequalities in wealth distribution and promoting a dynamic and prosperous economic environment more conducive to business development.

“As was pledged in the Kuwait Conference, the European Union is committed to stand by Iraq in reconstruction and economic and political reforms,” said Ramon Blecua, European Union Ambassador to Iraq. “Our cooperation with the World Bank has been very fruitful and this project complements ongoing efforts supporting public finance management. The focus of the project we are signing today will be on the coordination of government and donors, more efficient management of resources, enhanced oversight and accountability, and fighting corruption. The EU is ready to help Iraq in facing the challenges ahead to secure a better future for Iraq”.

The program comprises of three pillars and nine sub-components. Each sub-component corresponds to a specific Government reform commitment/objective and has been assigned to a lead government institution/department acting as WBG-EU counterpart. While some components will be recipient-executed with support from the World Bank, others will be initially WBG-EU executed on behalf of the recipient due to capacity constraints.

The program envisages the creation of a Donors’ Coordination Committee, where all decisions regarding public finance management reforms and donor support to reforms will be discussed under the supervision of the Government of Iraq to ensure ownership, coordination, complementarity and overall reforms.

(Source: UN)

Economist: The government needs a supplementary budget to manage surplus oil revenues

The economic expert, on behalf of Jamil Antoine, on Friday, the need for the government to a supplementary budget voted on in Parliament to act surplus oil revenues, indicating that the government does not disclose the size of the amount in possession of surplus oil as it suffers a budget deficit of more than 13 trillion dinars.

Antoine said that "the amount of surplus oil revenues is not disclosed by the government because its budget suffers deficit of more than 13 trillion dinars."

He pointed out that "the government can not act with surplus oil revenues because the budget voted by the parliament and the disposal of the surplus is through a supplementary budget approved by the House of Representatives."

He explained that "the government’s debt to the Central Bank of up to 20 trillion dinars, and there is a separation between what the central bank and the state budget."

He stressed that "the budget provided for the year 2019 calculated the price of a barrel of oil at $ 55-60 dollars, is the budget of speculation may raise the price of a barrel or decline, which made the government to put this budget."

Antoine denied that "the existence of an explosive budget, the treasury of the government required more than $ 100 billion internally and externally, and thus will use their money to repay their debts in addition to supporting the private sectors, industrial and agricultural."…3%D9%85%D9%8A/

The Central Bank announces the receipt of all dollar-specific issues


The Central Bank of Iraq announced on Saturday that it will receive all the dollar-denominated issues, indicating that this comes to prevent judgment in accepting or rejecting some foreign currency notes.

The bank said in a statement received by Echo Agency that it will receive all foreign currency notes from all banks on the basis that the banknotes are good and according to the criteria set by the bank’s foreign bank receipt mechanism.

"The aim of this is for regulatory purposes in order not to get the jurisprudence of some banks or exchange offices to accept or reject some of the foreign currency (dollar) circulation."

It is noteworthy that some banking offices refuse to buy or deal with the category of $ 100 from previous editions before 2006, in addition to not dealing with the category of one dollar.

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Note: ISX was closed today (Sep. 20, 2018) due to religious holiday, 10th Day of Muharam “Ashura”. The next trading session will be held on Sunday (Sep. 23, 2018).

The RSISX index ended the week at IQD706 (-1.8%) / $753 (-1.8%) (weekly change) (-12.9% and -9.9% YTD change, respectively). The number of week traded shares was 892.6 mn and the weekly trading volume was IQD544 mn ($446.9 k).

ISX Company Announcements

  • Gulf Insurance and Reinsurance (NGIR) will hold an AGM* on Oct. 3, 2018 to discuss and approve 2017 annual financial results. ISX will suspend trading of NGIR starting Sep. 30, 2018
  • Original shares of Al-Hamraa for Insurance (NHAM) resumed trading on Sep. 19, 2018 after discussing and approving 2017 annual financial results and increasing the capital from IQD5.0 bn to IQD7.0 mn through 40% bonus issue.
  • Cihan Bank for Islamic & Finance (BCIH) resumed trading on Sep. 18, 2018 after discussing and approving 2016 and 2017 annual financial results and to distribute 11.8% cash dividend (IQD0.118 dividend per share, 4.5% dividend yield).
  • Al-Harir for Money Transfer (MTAH) resumed trading on Sep. 18, 2018 after discussing and approving 2017 annual financial results.
  • Kurdistan International Bank (BKUI) will hold an AGM* on Sep. 22, 2018 to discuss and approve 2017 annual financial results. ISX suspended trading of BKUI starting Sep. 18, 2018.