By Lara Saeed, Managing Editor, Bite.Tech. Any opinions expressed are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.

Over the course of the past year, the Iraqi startup ecosystem has been through tremendous development. Numerous startup events and boot camps have resulted in the early stages of an ecosystem. Baghdad, as the capital city with the largest market, has seen a strong number of stratups that are now beginning to take shape as businesses.

Unfortunately, it is not always that simple getting information from businesses in our culture but below are some of the hottest startups in Baghdad who are willing to share their stories.

  1. Miswag, founded by Ammar Ameen

Miswag was founded in the year 2013 and is one of the first startups in Baghdad. Miswag is an online store that adopted a model similar to Amazon. The startup provides a cross-platform site and mobile application as the main sales channels that allow Iraqi based customers to place their order directly. The startup also offers delivery services to its customers.

The startup is independently funded and has been generating income since the year 2015, it made over 1.1 billion Iraqi dinars in sales in the year 2016.

Miswag plans to invest further in their inventory as they plan to become the biggest e-commerce platform in Iraq in terms of user base.

The startup covers all over Iraq with two main operation centers, one in Baghdad and the other in the Kurdistan region.

The team currently consists of 11 employees and are aiming at a 50% staff increase within the next 12 months as they plan to establish another operation center in Basra.

U.S. and coalition military forces continued to attack the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria yesterday, conducting 30 strikes consisting of 66 engagements, Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve officials reported today.

Officials reported details of yesterday’s strikes, noting that assessments of results are based on initial reports.

Strikes in Syria

In Syria, coalition military forces conducted 22 strikes consisting of 32 engagements against ISIS targets:

  • Near Abu Kamal, a strike destroyed an ISIS headquarters and weapons cache.
  • Near Dayr Az Zawr, a strike destroyed an ISIS oil still.
  • Near Raqqa, 20 strikes engaged 13 ISIS tactical units and destroyed 24 fighting positions, a vehicle, a logistics node and ISIS communications infrastructure.

Strikes in Iraq

In Iraq, coalition military forces conducted eight strikes consisting of 34 engagements against ISIS targets:

  • Near Qaim, three strikes destroyed a vehicle-borne-bomb factory, an ISIS front-end loader and an excavator.
  • Near Rawah, two strikes destroyed an ISIS headquarters, a vehicle and a front-end loader.
  • Near Tal Afar, three strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units; destroyed five mortar systems, four supply caches, two vehicles, two vehicle-borne bombs, two fighting positions, two recoilless rifles, an ISIS headquarters and a medium machine gun; and suppressed an ISIS tactical unit.

Earlier Strikes

Officials today also announced results of 50 strikes consisting of 67 engagements conducted Aug. 18-20 in Syria and Iraq for which the details were not yet available at the time of yesterday’s report:

  • On Aug. 18 near Raqqa, a strike engaged an ISIS tactical unit.
  • On Aug. 19 near Dayr Az Zawr, a strike destroyed an ISIS wellhead.
  • On Aug. 19 near Raqqa, six strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed five fighting positions, an improvised explosive device and a command-and-control node.
  • On Aug. 20 near Shadaddi, Syria, three strikes engaged three ISIS tactical units and destroyed a vehicle.
  • On Aug. 20 near Dayr Az Zawr, a strike destroyed an ISIS wellhead.
  • On Aug. 20 near Raqqa, 33 strikes engaged 21 ISIS tactical units and destroyed 41 fighting positions, five command-and-control nodes, an IED, an ISIS headquarters, two supply caches, ISIS engineering equipment and an ISIS unmanned aerial system.
  • On Aug. 20 near Tal Afar, five strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units; destroyed seven fighting positions, three staging areas, two IEDs, two pieces of ISIS oil equipment, a rocket-propelled-grenade system and a vehicle; and suppressed an ISIS tactical unit.

Part of Operation Inherent Resolve

These strikes were conducted as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the operation to destroy ISIS in Iraq and Syria. The destruction of ISIS targets in Iraq and Syria also further limits the group’s ability to project terror and conduct external operations throughout the region and the rest of the world, task force officials said.

The list above contains all strikes conducted by fighter, attack, bomber, rotary-wing or remotely piloted aircraft; rocket-propelled artillery; and some ground-based tactical artillery when fired on planned targets, officials noted.

Ground-based artillery fired in counterfire or in fire support to maneuver roles is not classified as a strike, they added. A strike, as defined by the coalition, refers to one or more kinetic engagements that occur in roughly the same geographic location to produce a single or cumulative effect.

For example, task force officials explained, a single aircraft delivering a single weapon against a lone ISIS vehicle is one strike, but so is multiple aircraft delivering dozens of weapons against a group of ISIS-held buildings and weapon systems in a compound, having the cumulative effect of making that facility harder or impossible to use. Strike assessments are based on initial reports and may be refined, officials said.

The task force does not report the number or type of aircraft employed in a strike, the number of munitions dropped in each strike, or the number of individual munition impact points against a target.

(Source: US Dept of Defense)

In an unannounced visit .. US Defense Secretary arrives in Baghdad
08/22/2017

US Defense Secretary James Matisse arrived in Baghdad on Tuesday for a surprise visit.
The media reported that Matisse will discuss with Iraqi officials the developments of the war against the criminal "calling" and the next steps to be taken.
The Associated Press quoted the agency "treasures media" Matisse said during his arrival in Baghdad that "a stuck stuck between the jaws of military pliers pressed on them from both ends of the Euphrates River Valley, which is divided between Iraq and Syria."
The visit comes three days after the start of the battle to liberate Tal Afar, the last bastions of "Daqash" in Nineveh, which draws the finger to Washington that she was one of the detainees to launch the battle.
Parliament votes to amend amnesty law

08/22/2017

Postponed the vote on the draft law on provincial elections
Baghdad / Sabah
The Speaker of the House, Salim al-Jubouri, attended by 170 deputies on Monday the first amendment to the general amnesty law and ended the reading of the draft law on informatics crimes, while delaying the process of questioning the Minister of Communications Hassan al-Rashed.


According to a statement issued by the media department of the council, Al-Sabah received, at the beginning of the session, "thanks to the health and legal committees, tourism, archeology, labor, social affairs, culture, media, finance, deportees and displaced persons to attend meetings of committees" Attendance at the meetings », while stressing that« the Presidency will report on the activity of parliamentary committees after their arrival from the parliamentary circle ».

The statement added that «the Council voted to reject the presentation of the report of the Committee of Experts Selection of members of the Electoral Commission for elections and its work during the last period».

For his part, MP Mohammed Halbusi, an apology from the Presidency of the Council and the deputies on the actions taken from it during the session.

The Council voted on "the first amendment bill to the general amnesty law No. (27) for the year 2016, which came to the seriousness of terrorist crimes and crimes of kidnapping people in society, especially after 10/6/2014 and in order not to allow the perpetrators to escape punishment and not to encourage others to commit And for the purpose of increasing the amount of the fine on the replaced sentence or measure ».

On the completion of the vote on the draft law on provincial elections and districts submitted by the legal committees and regions and governorates are not organized in the province, the President of the House of Representatives «Representatives of the components of the province of Kirkuk reached an approximate form of agreement on Articles 37 and 52 of the draft law and some paragraphs that need to be reformulated And study »,

noting that« the atmosphere of the meetings were characterized by the positive and flexibility of all the parties representatives of the components of the province of Kirkuk, where will be postponed the vote on the draft law of provincial elections to the next meeting at the request of the deputies of the province ».

The Presidency decided, in accordance with the statement, to postpone the completion of the vote on the draft amendment to the third law of the provinces that are not organized in the region No. 21 of 2008, while the Council completed the «vote in principle to proceed with legislation proposed Bill Babylon’s capital of civilization».

In another matter, al-Jubouri ordered the tribal committee to proceed with the follow-up procedures of the province of Basra and the resolution of tribal conflicts in accordance with the powers granted to the committee, with the assistance of members of the House of Representatives from the province of Basra.

Jubouri decided to "postpone the vote on each of the candidates of the membership of the Committee of Tribal Disputes and candidates for membership of the investigative committee on the kidnapped and consider the appeals filed on the validity of the membership of some deputies."

On the guidance of the President of the Council to investigate the statements of MP Hoda Sajjad on the withdrawal of signatures of deputies from the interrogation, the Chairman of the Integrity Committee Talal Zobaie that «the joint committee formed by the Commissions of Integrity and Legal regarding the statements of MP Hoda Sajjad held a meeting hosted by MP Hoda Sajjad and MP Alia Nassif», indicating That «the Joint Commission requested to extend the work of the audit on what was said about the names of deputies whose signatures were withdrawn».

Jubouri and the extension of the work of the Joint Committee and in the case of a file that needs judicial action will be transferred to the judiciary and the House of Representatives will take its actions against the charges against MP Hoda Sajjad.

On the questioning of the House of Representatives for the Minister of Communications Hassan al-Rashed, Jubouri pointed out that the questioning of the minister is correct on the decision of the Special Commission to consider the interrogations, which pointed out that MP Hoda Sajjad presented on 20 August a list of signatures of a number of deputies to strengthen the signatures of MPs on questioning Minister of Communications

makes The quorum is achieved until the day of questioning after the imbalance of the quorum before that after the withdrawal of 15 deputies to their signatures out of 33 deputies, pointing out that the committee formed and documented the existence of 16 written requests to withdraw signatures, including 15 deputies have already been listed in the list of signatures.

In the questioning, the Minister of Communications said that he filed a lawsuit with the Federal Court on the withdrawal of signatures of some deputies from the list of request for questioning in conjunction with the existence of coordinated media campaigns to attack the ministry, pointing to his presence before the Parliamentary Services Committee to view all details related to the work of the Ministry of Communications, Another for interrogation.

The President of the Council to hold the next session of the Presidency to consider the recommendations of the commissions on the interrogations, provided that a new date for questioning of the Minister of Communications.

In addition, the Council completed the reading of the report and discussion of the bill of information crimes.

The Presidency of the Council decided to resume the session on Tuesday.

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=143133

Washington welcomes the start of the liberation of Tal Afar

08/22/2017

The US Central Command welcomed the announcement by the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, Haider al-Abadi, the beginning of the battle to liberate the district of Tal Afar west of Nineveh province from the organization «Daash», confirming the continuation of the international coalition hit accurate targets to avoid civilian casualties.

"The Iraqi security forces, after their historic victory in Mosul, demonstrated their enormous capacity and readiness to deliver yet another defeat to Tal Afar," the leadership said in a statement.

"The coalition intends to continue assisting the Iraqi government and security forces by providing equipment, training, intelligence and combat advice."

The statement added that «between 10 and 50 thousand civilians are still in Tal Afar and neighboring areas», stressing «the continuation of the coalition hit accurate targets to avoid casualties among civilians».

For his part, said the head of the parliamentary bloc of the National Coalition MP Kazem al-Shammari, in a press statement: "Our security forces and all military factions are engaged today a new epic added to the annals of victories and heroines in the way of liberating every inch of Iraqna precious factions of the terrorist advocate," noting that «

"At a time when we are at the hands of our heroes and fighters and call them victory, we emphasize the need to be a clean battle and the removal of civilians and innocent from the sources of
fire».

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=143131

MPs and politicians reject the referendum of the region and welcome the dialogue

08/22/2017

National Alliance: We agreed with the visiting delegation to continue discussions under the Constitution
Baghdad / Shaima Rashid. Muhannad Abdul Wahab
The politicians and deputies from different political blocs rejected the referendum of the Kurdistan region to be held next month, indicating that the holding of this referendum at this time is inappropriate and will reflect on the important stage that Iraq is going through the advancement of economic and development,

while the political figures from various trends and trends that The opening of the dialogue between Baghdad and Erbil to resolve the outstanding issues a good gesture from both sides, and while the delegation of the Kurdistan region returned to Erbil after a round shuttle in Baghdad,

his campaign to separate dialogues with the three presidencies and heads of political blocs and ambassadors of the States concerned in Iraq; Lint Committee of the National Alliance, which met the Kurdish delegation, that the parties agreed to continue dialogue within the framework of the Constitution to resolve all outstanding problems.

The head of the delegation of the National Alliance Amer Khuzaie in a joint press conference with the Kurdish delegation on Sunday evening Sunday: «During these days we had several meetings with the Kurdish delegation; to study the outstanding issues between the Center and the region, and discussed the issues of political and social», and pointed to « The seriousness of dialogue within the framework of the Iraqi constitution, and reached the approaches, and agreed to continue dialogue, whether in Baghdad or Erbil », revealing« a new meeting between the Center and the region after two weeks »,

and stressed that« a lot of outstanding issues were touched in an atmosphere of understandings » . For his part, the head of the Kurdish delegation Rose Nuri Shaways: "In our meetings with the Prime Minister and the National Alliance, especially the last meeting in the current session was a debate
on many issues, and put problems and solutions

According to the views of the parties ».

He explained that« the meeting was characterized by affection and was an open dialogue in which we discussed a lot of problems and in particular the political and executive problems outstanding and the accumulation could lead to crises are not in favor of the components of the
Iraqi
people ».

Attitude change to, the Kurdish bloc change considered that the Kurdistan region delegation which visited Baghdad «partisan delegation» does not represent the orientations of the Kurdish people, noting that any decision taken by «non – binding».

"The Kurdistan region is going through a difficult political and economic stage that requires finding an appropriate formula for dialogue with a view to resolving the outstanding issues between the region and Baghdad," said the head of the parliamentary Change Bloc in a press statement on Monday . "We hoped that this dialogue would be through national institutions, Movement for Change to be established since.

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=143127

Federal Court decides unconstitutional 18 articles in the budget

08/22/2017

The head of the Independent Electoral Commission
Baghdad / Al-Sabah

The Federal Supreme Court on Monday issued a decision on the appeal against some articles of the federal budget law for the current year.


The Director of the Information Office of the Federal Supreme Court Ias Samok, in a statement: "The court held a hearing yesterday under the chairmanship of Judge Medhat al-Mahmoud to consider the appeal contained in some articles of the Federal Budget Law No. 44 of 2017."

"The Court decided to rule on the unconstitutionality of articles 2 (I / F), 8 / V, 11 / III, 11 / V / C, 11 / V / D, (A), (ii), (xiii), (viii), (viii) (B), 48 (ii), (49), (56), (57) and (59) ".

Samuk pointed out that "the ruling on the unconstitutionality of these articles came because the House of Representatives has exceeded the competencies contained in Article (62) of the Constitution on the law of the budget and increased financial burdens on the draft submitted by the Council of Ministers without returning to it."

"The Court responded to the challenge for articles 11 / VI, 18 / C, 18 / D, 42 / (47), (48), (53), the fact that the House of Representatives did not exceed its powers regarding its legislation and did not impose financial burdens or increase the deficit.

He continued the director of the Information Office that "the court responded to the third person is the head of the Independent Electoral Commission in addition to his job, which intervened in a nutshell regarding the unconstitutionality of Article (18 / e) of the budget law."

He pointed out that "the decision came in the light of the review of the contested material and the petition and its annexes and defenses of the defendant in addition to his job and the three persons beside them and after returning to the report of the five experts unanimously issued and read the constitutional articles governing the subject of the dispute, especially Article (62) of the Constitution.

The director of the media office confirmed that "the court found after the examination of the report that it met the task assigned to the experts and the reason and reason and went to adopt a reason to judge the case based on the provisions of Article 140 of the Law of Evidence No. 107 of 1979, The Constitution’s articles on the budget. "

The details of the decision of the Federal Supreme Court regarding the articles contested by its unconstitutionality, according to the statement of the Information Office of the Court:
In the context of the appeal contained in Article (2 / I / F) of the budget, which obligates the government to issue treasury bonds to pay the amounts owed to the oil producing or natural gas provinces,
which the Ministry of Finance estimated to be about 10 trillion trillions except interest.

By the government and thus increase the deficit of the general budget and this text out of the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution because it was placed without reference to the Council of Ministers in that.


2
. In the matter of the appeal contained in Article (8 / V) of the Budget Law, which includes allocating a percentage of the allocations of the federal ground forces to the Iraqi army and considering them under this text of the security forces and not part of the land forces. Moreover, the text did not restrict the number of Peshmerga forces Which leads to an increase in the financial burden of the budget, so this text is a departure from the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution, because it was drawn from the House of Representatives without reference to the Council of Ministers in that.

3 –
In response to the appeal contained in Article (11 / III) of the Budget Law, which added the Ministries of Migration and Displaced and Electricity to the excluded entities from the suspension of appointments by filling the vacant grades resulting from the movement of owners that have not been allocated in the budget of 2017, To the Council of Ministers and that this constitutes a violation of the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

4 – With regard to the appeal contained in Article (11 / V / C) of the budget,

which authorized ministries and other bodies to keep the vacant grades due to the movement of owners that have not been allocated in the budget of 2017, resulting in the appointment of an increase in public expenditure in exchange for payment of salaries to those who occupy these Without reference to the Council of Ministers and that the development of this text constitutes a violation of the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

5.
In the case of the appeal referred to in Article 11 (V / D) of the Budget Law, which limited the appointment in grades (c) of the labor force allocated to the Ministry of Interior to governorates and areas liberated from terrorism to its children, Opportunities between Iraqis as stipulated in articles 14 and 16 of the Constitution and constitute a violation of them.

6
– With regard to the appeal contained in Article (12 / I) of the Budget Law, which raised the ceiling of authorization issued by the Minister to the Governor after what was specified in the draft budget (10) billion dinars, and that the Council of Representatives (raising the ceiling) With the provisions of Article (123) of the Constitution and Article (47) thereof, where the executive authority is competent in this procedure and does not have the legislative authority, and also contradicts the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

7
– With regard to the appeal contained in the text of Article (14 / V) of the Budget Law, which committed the ministries and authorities to the Council of Ministers Resolution No. (347) for the year 2015, which was not mentioned in the draft law and its inclusion in the Budget Law would restrict the Council of Ministers to cancel or modify it depending on the circumstances The Council of Representatives has violated the provisions of Article 47 of the Constitution as well as its powers stipulated in Article 62 of the Constitution.

8
– With regard to the appeal contained in Article (18 / e) of the Budget Law, which authorized the Independent High Electoral Commission to contract with the staff of the registration centers and the staff of the Political Parties and Organizations Department without there being any allocations in the budget which would result in an increase of the financial expenses of the general budget and without reference to the Council The Minister, the formulation of this provision constitutes a violation of the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

9
– With regard to the appeal contained in Article (18 / f) of the Budget Law, which obligates the Pension Authority to pay pension benefits to all those who have been referred to retirement without (50) of the age of employees of companies and self-financed general directorates that receive a grant from the Treasury The Ministry of Finance is obliged to pay their pension contributions to the Pension Fund.

The advanced text is drawn from the Council of Representatives without reference to the Council of Ministers, although it arranges an increase in public expenditure and increases the fiscal deficit in the federal budget for 2017.

Be challenged The constitutionality of the text is found in article 62 (second) of the Constitution, and this is what the experts have determined in their report in paragraph (12) and the direction otherwise violates the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution. However, 18 / f) of the Budget Law needs legal treatment from the government to whom it is referred to

10
– With regard to the appeal contained in Article (26) of the budget, which the House of Representatives added to the necessary Ministry of Finance before the issuance of remittances or treasury bonds at the request of the Ministry of Oil to present this issue to the House of Representatives to take his consent, and find the Federal Supreme Court that this is a repetition For ratification, which was within the ratification of the budget as well as a delay in the issuance of the violations and in violation of Article (47) of the Constitution, which requires the separation of powers in terms of competencies.

11
. In the appeal of article 27 (a) of the Budget Law, which added that official purchases should be directed to the local producer, although these products (local) are 10% higher than the imported product, To deficit in the budget without reference to the Council of Ministers and this is a violation of the provisions (62) of the Constitution.

12
. In the context of article 33 (I) of the Budget Law, which stipulates the reallocation of the amount deducted (3.8%) of the total salaries and allowances of state employees, the public sector and retirees, this means the repetition of the allocation, Constitutes a conflict with the provisions of Article (62) of the Constitution. This happened without reference to the Council of Ministers.

13
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (35 / A / B) of the Budget Law, which was distributed on the exemptions contained therein within the government project, and this arranged a reduction in budget revenues and an increase in deficit without reference to the Council of Ministers. Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

In the matter of the appeal contained in Article (48 / second) of the Budget Law, which provides for a set-off between the debts of the ministries and entities with the profits of the company, the distribution of the petroleum products which belong to the Ministry of Finance and which constitute a supplier in the payment of their financial obligations. Treasury imports constitute a burden on the budget and this without reference to the Council of Ministers contrary to the provisions of Article (62) of the Constitution.

15
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (49) of the Budget Law, which abolished amounts allocated to the Ministry of Displacement and Migration and the establishment of a new expense, covering fees and interest for real estate loans granted by the Real Estate Bank to the citizens of some of the provinces that have been damaged by terrorist acts and that this constitutes an outlet for the exit of budget funds Was not in the government project,

and it is necessary to fill the out of the allocations of the Ministry of Displacement and Migration of the Ministry of Finance because of the need for these amounts at the Ministry of Displacement and Migration, thus increasing the fiscal deficit and that was without reference to the Council of Ministers so the text is contrary to The provisions of the text (62 / second) of the Constitution.

16
With regard to the appeal contained in Article (56) of the budget, which includes the allocation of part of the revenues of the border crossing points for the rehabilitation of the infrastructure and the surrounding areas, and that these revenues are originally allocated to the general budget and taken part of it to another bank that constitutes a budget deficit and that is a violation of And that this happened without reference to the Council of Ministers and the status of this article got a violation of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

17
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (57) of the Budget Law, which includes the amendment of the interest rate for loans granted by the Agricultural Bank to the peasants without reference to the Council of Ministers, it would reduce the revenues of the budget and constitutes a deficit, and this violates Article 62 / II of the Constitution.

18
. In the matter of the appeal contained in Article (59) of the Budget Law, which involves transferring (220) billion dinars from the total of the Ministry of Finance and (50) billion dinars from the Ministry of Defense of the investment amount, this would delay the payment of the Basrah gas dues, Electricity, in addition to the fact that these transfers lead to a deficit in allocations of armament to the Ministry of Defense to pay the amount of contracts amounting to (50) billion dinars,

where the amounts can be offset only by the addition of new amounts and this arranges new financial burdens on the Treasury contribute to increase the deficit and that these transfers The effects were amplified by increasing the dough In the budget without reference to the Council of Ministers contrary to the provisions of Article (62) of the Constitution.

19
. With regard to the appeal referred to in Article 11 (VI) of the Budget Law, which provides for the renewal of contracts and the calculation of the retirement period for those who are permanently employed after 9/4/2003,

for the purposes of remuneration, promotion and retirement, the Court finds that the said text was drawn up by the House of Representatives What is stated in the previous budgets arranges an increase in the allocated amounts calculated on the basis of a proportion of the salary without reference to the Council of Ministers in this increase and also arranges an increase in the share of the State of the pension stops and therefore it constitutes a violation of the provisions of Article 62 second of the Constitution,

but the provision of unconstitutionality As is the request of the plaintiff in addition to the Which would lead to a breach of the balance between the employees and the difference of their legal status for those who were proven during the implementation of the previous financial budgets from 2015 and below and creates disparities in salaries and other rights of those with the same specifications and conditions.

Therefore, the request to rule unconstitutionality Article 11 VI contrary to the provisions of Articles (14)

20
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article 18 (c) of the Budget Law, which includes the suspension of appointments in the three presidencies and the related parties, and the prohibition of transfer and placement, the Supreme Federal Court finds that this article did not exceed the provisions of Article 62 / II of the Constitution, And reduce the disbursement of expenditures, it is known that the salaries of the three presidencies exceed the salaries of the rest of the staff.

21
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (18 / D) of the Budget Law, which includes allowing those who have university degrees from the employees of the Ministry of the Interior to the ministries and departments other than the three presidencies, the Federal Supreme Court finds that this article did not exceed the provisions of Article 62 / The Constitution,

because this transfer was with the consent of the Ministers or the two Presidents concerned and not disagreement with their consent and that will support the competencies in the ministries and official bodies to which the transfer of those associates, and the text limited to the Ministry of Interior only and therefore does not arrange the text increase in expenses.

22
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (24 / C) of the budget, which includes granting the ministries and other parties and provincial councils to impose new fees and services except for the sovereign fees and the allocation of 50% of them to the administrative units that have been collected,

the Federal Supreme Court finds that this text does not arrange An increase in financial expenditures because the application of granting the ratio mentioned to the administrative units for the first time during the implementation of the budget of 2017 and this percentage is not within the resources of the budget when the budget, this text does not exist when the budget, so this text does not conflict with the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

23
. With regard to the appeal contained in the text of Article 32 / V / F of the Budget Law, which obligates the Iraqi authorities to require that Iraq obtain its entitlements from the administrative budget in the Arab and international organizations in return for paying the financial obligations of these organizations,

the Federal Supreme Court finds that it was established as a legislative option Of the House of Representatives in accordance with its legislative powers to preserve the rights of Iraq in the posts and administrative positions in those organizations and it does not conflict with the provisions of Article (62) of the Constitution.

24
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article 32 / V / G of the Budget Law, which includes the request of the Ministry of Finance to study the feasibility of the contributions of the Iraqi Fund for Foreign Development of foreign companies and submit a report to the Council of Ministers to take the position in favor of Iraq, the Federal Supreme Court finds that this article Iraq and does not conflict with Article 62 / II of the Constitution as a mere recommendation to the Council of Ministers.

25
. In response to Article 47 of the Budget Law, which contains transfers of operational allocations to unions, clubs and unions, except international contributions and conferences to the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, to prepare rehabilitation programs for children in affected areas, widows and orphans.

This power of the House of Representatives does not conflict with the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution and is consistent with the current circumstances of Iraq.

26
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (48 / I) of the Budget Law, which obliged the Federal Government, including the Ministry of Oil, to review contracts of oil licensing rounds by amending the terms of those contracts in favor of Iraq, the Federal Supreme Court finds that the status of this article is within the powers of the Legislative Council In contradiction with the provisions of Article (62 / II) and does not cost the government financial burdens outside the budget allocations.

27
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (53) of the Budget Law, which includes the necessity of purchasing medical supplies for the provision of treatment services to citizens instead of carrying money and hardships to travel outside Iraq, the Supreme Federal Court finds that the subject matter of the appeal is within the jurisdiction of the Council of Representatives and does not conflict with the provisions of Article 62 / II) of the

Constitution.

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=143123

The Association of Banks seeks to link local banks to the universal

08/22/2017

Mobility extended its dimensions to the major economies of the world adopted by the Association of Iraqi private banks through communication with the best international banks in the United States to develop the domestic financial sector and make it more sophisticated and rival banks of the region
And the world.

The Executive Director of the Association of Iraqi Private Banks Ali Tariq said: "Iraq, as all countries of the world have the size of large wealth and a large market for work to expand the global effort is not specified in various sectors of production and service, pointing out that many of the major companies around the world is considering that Iraq has a distinctive location starting For its production, which is marketed to the east and west of the globe.

Fast services said in an interview with «morning» that this great effort Acherth Association is aware that any major efforts need to be developed banking sector offers fast services and can handle large numbers using advanced technology that began to be adopted by our banks gradually and under the supervision of the Central Bank of Iraq , which gives this The joint is particularly important .
Experiences of banks

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=143112

Financial Reform of Iraq for the years 2018-2020

08/22/2017

Dr. Mohamed Saleh published on the network of Iraqi economists a paper entitled "Financial Strengthening of Iraq: Vision for the years 2018-2020". As usual, our Galilee professor puts before us his academic weight and practical experience as the most important economic adviser to the government.

(I)
Do not argue with Dr. about the description of the bug in the economy "rentier".

"The burden of the war on terror and the burden of reconstruction requires an aggressive fiscal program to rebalance the economy and the fiscal balance" of the treasury.

However, Dr. Saleh’s proposals in the "Adaptation and Financial Consolidation Approach 2018-2020" need to be reconsidered because most economists in the rentier countries fall in the wrong call to balance by increasing the share of non-oil resources in national income
.

In Iraq, for example, all the attempts made since 1961 to date have only deepened the rentier dependence in an inevitable spiral out of them because of the nature of the rentier states.

Salvation is to Ekman in re – raking all the treatise on the subject, has not left the door only ways economists, and the whole is lost in a mirage illusion in front of the dynamics of the rentier state , which makes it imperative to deepen the rentier dependence which private him not to demolish the foundation upon which the rentier economy of the four components of :

1 – the main income of the economy Of oil exports.

2. The value added and local labor do not constitute a small percentage of the total value of oil exports.

3 – Oil revenues come from abroad.

4. The rent income goes to the government. So what is the solution?

The solution is to overthrow the state rent equation and turn it into a state that is charged with giving oil income to the citizens with a universal basic income, and financing the state budget through a tax imposed on citizens.

In terms of the medium, Article "111" of the Constitution states that oil and gas belongs to the Iraqi people, and this is an appropriate entry to overthrow the equation of the rentee state.

In practice, it is possible to start the 2018 budget by the following steps:

First: Collect the following paragraphs and convert them into a comprehensive and equal cash balance to all resident citizens on the basis of the record of the families of the ration card:

1 – Sale of crude oil to domestic consumption at the external market price, – $ 8 per barrel.

2 – Suspension of allocations ration card and social guarantees and converted to the share of comprehensive basic income.

3 – Remove electricity allocations from the budget starting in 2018 and pay the electricity sector for self-financing "with the provision of gas at cost."

Second: Freezing oil allocations for subsequent budgets "2019 and beyond:.

At the price and quantity of 2018 and the conversion of each increase in price and production to the reserve fund "Sadiq Fund" and the development of comprehensive primary income "UBI".

And linking it in the future with oil revenues outside the
budget.
Sources 1 "Dr. Mazhar Mohammed Saleh www.iraqieconomists.net/8/2017

" 2 "Adnan al-Janabi Salvation from the state rent – Iraqi studies 2016.

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