This is a condition for Barzani to postpone the separation
08/23/2017

President of the Kurdistan region Massoud Barzani said it is impossible to retreat from the referendum only if the provision of international guarantees written to the Kurds without specifying the nature of those guarantees.

He said during a meeting with a large number of Peshmerga and social figures, followed by "Sky Press" that the Kurds tried all ways to solve problems with the central government in Baghdad, but unfortunately all failed.

He pointed out that he feared that others would ask the Kurdish side to return to the border line during the time of former regime president Saddam Hussein, indicating that many intend to come to Kurdistan to say go back to that line, leaving the areas of Khanaqin, Kirkuk, Sinjar and Makhmor and other areas that were supposed to resolve the subject In accordance with Article 140 of the Iraqi Constitution.

He said in his speech that although there is no doubt in the Kurdish areas, but Baghdad did not implement Article 140 came an organization calling the terrorist divided the area in practice.

He said that in order to avoid wars, the Kurdistan region decided to hold the referendum for independence, which he called the wise decision, stressing that "it is impossible for us to withdraw from the referendum and will be held on September 25 next unless there is a written international guarantees, An ambassador here or there does not make us leave this decision. "

"If we succeed, God willing, the independence will succeed, then form your state and your government as you like," Barzani told the people of the region. "I have the responsibility and the willingness to sacrifice myself."

"We want to establish a democratic state that belongs to all components, to emerge from the state of anxiety and hesitation and to become an independent state in order to save future generations of problems in order to live in peace."

During a meeting with representatives of Christians, Yazidis, Turkmen, Armenians and other components in the Kurdistan region, Barzani said: "We will bear anything, but we will not postpone the referendum even if only for one minute."

"There are those who say that the referendum is not in the interest of Iraq and the region and we tell them that postponing the referendum is not in the interests of the Kurds as well."

He pointed out that "the referendum will not affect in any way the war against the organization is calling for" .. He said that "the Iraqi constitution has granted us the right of independence.

" He explained that all the components of the Kurdistan will participate in writing the Constitution of the independent state, "pointing out that" the system of government in the state of Kurdistan will not be federal. "

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Abadi threatens Kurdistan with military measures to prevent independence
08/23/2017

Prime Minister Haider al-Abbadi, US Secretary of Defense James Matisse sent a message "threat" military and economic to the President of the Kurdistan region of Iraq Massoud Barzani in the event of a referendum on the independence of Kurdistan.

"The federal government is considering military and economic measures on cooperation with the semi-independent Kurdistan region if its authorities hold a referendum that paves the way for the declaration of the Kurdish state," Abbadi Matis, who arrived in Baghdad on Tuesday, told a surprise visit.

Shortly after his arrival in Baghdad, Matisse held a meeting with Abadi, attended by Prime Minister Nawfal al-Hassan’s special advisor and Iraqi Defense Minister Irfan al-Hayali.

"The United States supports the maintenance of the unity of Iraq and rejects any," he said. "The United States supports Iraq in its fight against terrorism and praises the victories that have been achieved." Action aimed at dividing it and destabilizing it ".

According to a senior official in the office of Abadi, the Iraqi prime minister and US defense minister agreed during the meeting to reject the Kurdish referendum on independence.

The official said, in a statement to the "Arabs", "The Minister of Defense carries a clear vision on the Kurdish referendum and what can lead to complications, if the Kurdistan Region authorities insisted on it."

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Barzani: "The biggest mistake in my life that I became president of Kurdistan"
08/23/2017

Revealed the head of the Kurdistan region Massoud Barzani, not his intention to re-run for the presidency of the region, stressing the need for circulation of power in the region, noting that "the biggest mistake in his life became president of Kurdistan.

Barzani said in an interview, followed by "Sky Press", that "I will not nominate for the presidency and the worst thing in my life is that I became president of the Kurdistan region."

He added that "the Kurds agreed to partnership with Iraq to open a new page, but there was no change in the mentality of power in Baghdad, expressing his desire to resolve issues with Baghdad."

Barzani stressed that he would not withdraw from the referendum unless there is a written international guarantees for the Kurds without specifying the nature of those guarantees.

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Iraqi forces storm the first neighborhoods of center # Tal Afar (pictures)

08/23/2017

On Wednesday morning, 23 August, Iraqi Federal Police Commander Major-General Raed Jawdat announced the storming of the first district of the Tal Afar district, the last stronghold of the terrorist organization Da’ash in northwestern Iraq.


Jawdat said in a statement that the elite guerrillas and the rapid response backed by dozens of armored vehicles stormed the northern district of the struggle, the first neighborhoods west of Tal Afar, north of Baghdad.


Iraqi Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi announced Tuesday (August 22nd) that the military units were advancing towards the center of Tal Afar amid the collapse of the terrorist organization Da’ash.


"The military units are advancing towards the center of Tal Afar amid the collapse of a terrorist," Abadi said. He pointed out that "the government is committed to the directives of the religious reference to ensure the rights of martyrs."

http://almanar.com.lb/2502927

By Wassim Bassem for Al Monitor. Any opinions expressed here are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News. 

Models dressed in clothes reminiscent of Iraq’s multicultural past walked among the imposing statues at the Iraqi Museum in an impressive show in July that celebrated the liberation of Mosul, as the Iraqi House of Fashion bolstered its cultural presence and shrugged off the low profile it has held since 2003.

Founded in 1970 with the aim of conserving ancient Iraqi culture, the Iraqi House of Fashion started as a financially independent legal entity. However, the Iraqi House of Fashion Law was passed in 1985 with the help of the Iraqi Ministry of Culture and Media to help the fashion organization receive governmental support.

This support resulted in the building of a luxurious palace, considered to be one of the country’s most beautiful architectural monuments, on Palestine Street in eastern Baghdad.

But the good times for the fashion house came to an end in 2003 due to the US invasion of Iraq and the lack of security that swept through the country. The house was looted, its founder and manager had to retire and leave the country and the splendid palace was abandoned and slowly fell into ruin.

Although the Iraqi House of Fashion has made a comeback in the last few years, the present conservative environment makes it difficult for the organization to return to its days of glory.

In a country still suffering from war and terrorism, organizers of fashion shows remain fearful. For instance, Karar Nushy, a fashion designer whose work is well-known in the industry, was murdered July 4. The case remains unsolved.

“Organizers of such cultural events are still being threatened by those who consider it a Western tradition that could corrupt society,” Saif al-Obeidi, designer and technical manager for Iraqi House of Fashion, told Al-Monitor.

By Lara Saeed, Managing Editor, Bite.Tech. Any opinions expressed are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.

Over the course of the past year, the Iraqi startup ecosystem has been through tremendous development. Numerous startup events and boot camps have resulted in the early stages of an ecosystem. Baghdad, as the capital city with the largest market, has seen a strong number of stratups that are now beginning to take shape as businesses.

Unfortunately, it is not always that simple getting information from businesses in our culture but below are some of the hottest startups in Baghdad who are willing to share their stories.

  1. Miswag, founded by Ammar Ameen

Miswag was founded in the year 2013 and is one of the first startups in Baghdad. Miswag is an online store that adopted a model similar to Amazon. The startup provides a cross-platform site and mobile application as the main sales channels that allow Iraqi based customers to place their order directly. The startup also offers delivery services to its customers.

The startup is independently funded and has been generating income since the year 2015, it made over 1.1 billion Iraqi dinars in sales in the year 2016.

Miswag plans to invest further in their inventory as they plan to become the biggest e-commerce platform in Iraq in terms of user base.

The startup covers all over Iraq with two main operation centers, one in Baghdad and the other in the Kurdistan region.

The team currently consists of 11 employees and are aiming at a 50% staff increase within the next 12 months as they plan to establish another operation center in Basra.

In an unannounced visit .. US Defense Secretary arrives in Baghdad
08/22/2017

US Defense Secretary James Matisse arrived in Baghdad on Tuesday for a surprise visit.
The media reported that Matisse will discuss with Iraqi officials the developments of the war against the criminal "calling" and the next steps to be taken.
The Associated Press quoted the agency "treasures media" Matisse said during his arrival in Baghdad that "a stuck stuck between the jaws of military pliers pressed on them from both ends of the Euphrates River Valley, which is divided between Iraq and Syria."
The visit comes three days after the start of the battle to liberate Tal Afar, the last bastions of "Daqash" in Nineveh, which draws the finger to Washington that she was one of the detainees to launch the battle.
Parliament votes to amend amnesty law

08/22/2017

Postponed the vote on the draft law on provincial elections
Baghdad / Sabah
The Speaker of the House, Salim al-Jubouri, attended by 170 deputies on Monday the first amendment to the general amnesty law and ended the reading of the draft law on informatics crimes, while delaying the process of questioning the Minister of Communications Hassan al-Rashed.


According to a statement issued by the media department of the council, Al-Sabah received, at the beginning of the session, "thanks to the health and legal committees, tourism, archeology, labor, social affairs, culture, media, finance, deportees and displaced persons to attend meetings of committees" Attendance at the meetings », while stressing that« the Presidency will report on the activity of parliamentary committees after their arrival from the parliamentary circle ».

The statement added that «the Council voted to reject the presentation of the report of the Committee of Experts Selection of members of the Electoral Commission for elections and its work during the last period».

For his part, MP Mohammed Halbusi, an apology from the Presidency of the Council and the deputies on the actions taken from it during the session.

The Council voted on "the first amendment bill to the general amnesty law No. (27) for the year 2016, which came to the seriousness of terrorist crimes and crimes of kidnapping people in society, especially after 10/6/2014 and in order not to allow the perpetrators to escape punishment and not to encourage others to commit And for the purpose of increasing the amount of the fine on the replaced sentence or measure ».

On the completion of the vote on the draft law on provincial elections and districts submitted by the legal committees and regions and governorates are not organized in the province, the President of the House of Representatives «Representatives of the components of the province of Kirkuk reached an approximate form of agreement on Articles 37 and 52 of the draft law and some paragraphs that need to be reformulated And study »,

noting that« the atmosphere of the meetings were characterized by the positive and flexibility of all the parties representatives of the components of the province of Kirkuk, where will be postponed the vote on the draft law of provincial elections to the next meeting at the request of the deputies of the province ».

The Presidency decided, in accordance with the statement, to postpone the completion of the vote on the draft amendment to the third law of the provinces that are not organized in the region No. 21 of 2008, while the Council completed the «vote in principle to proceed with legislation proposed Bill Babylon’s capital of civilization».

In another matter, al-Jubouri ordered the tribal committee to proceed with the follow-up procedures of the province of Basra and the resolution of tribal conflicts in accordance with the powers granted to the committee, with the assistance of members of the House of Representatives from the province of Basra.

Jubouri decided to "postpone the vote on each of the candidates of the membership of the Committee of Tribal Disputes and candidates for membership of the investigative committee on the kidnapped and consider the appeals filed on the validity of the membership of some deputies."

On the guidance of the President of the Council to investigate the statements of MP Hoda Sajjad on the withdrawal of signatures of deputies from the interrogation, the Chairman of the Integrity Committee Talal Zobaie that «the joint committee formed by the Commissions of Integrity and Legal regarding the statements of MP Hoda Sajjad held a meeting hosted by MP Hoda Sajjad and MP Alia Nassif», indicating That «the Joint Commission requested to extend the work of the audit on what was said about the names of deputies whose signatures were withdrawn».

Jubouri and the extension of the work of the Joint Committee and in the case of a file that needs judicial action will be transferred to the judiciary and the House of Representatives will take its actions against the charges against MP Hoda Sajjad.

On the questioning of the House of Representatives for the Minister of Communications Hassan al-Rashed, Jubouri pointed out that the questioning of the minister is correct on the decision of the Special Commission to consider the interrogations, which pointed out that MP Hoda Sajjad presented on 20 August a list of signatures of a number of deputies to strengthen the signatures of MPs on questioning Minister of Communications

makes The quorum is achieved until the day of questioning after the imbalance of the quorum before that after the withdrawal of 15 deputies to their signatures out of 33 deputies, pointing out that the committee formed and documented the existence of 16 written requests to withdraw signatures, including 15 deputies have already been listed in the list of signatures.

In the questioning, the Minister of Communications said that he filed a lawsuit with the Federal Court on the withdrawal of signatures of some deputies from the list of request for questioning in conjunction with the existence of coordinated media campaigns to attack the ministry, pointing to his presence before the Parliamentary Services Committee to view all details related to the work of the Ministry of Communications, Another for interrogation.

The President of the Council to hold the next session of the Presidency to consider the recommendations of the commissions on the interrogations, provided that a new date for questioning of the Minister of Communications.

In addition, the Council completed the reading of the report and discussion of the bill of information crimes.

The Presidency of the Council decided to resume the session on Tuesday.

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=143133

MPs and politicians reject the referendum of the region and welcome the dialogue

08/22/2017

National Alliance: We agreed with the visiting delegation to continue discussions under the Constitution
Baghdad / Shaima Rashid. Muhannad Abdul Wahab
The politicians and deputies from different political blocs rejected the referendum of the Kurdistan region to be held next month, indicating that the holding of this referendum at this time is inappropriate and will reflect on the important stage that Iraq is going through the advancement of economic and development,

while the political figures from various trends and trends that The opening of the dialogue between Baghdad and Erbil to resolve the outstanding issues a good gesture from both sides, and while the delegation of the Kurdistan region returned to Erbil after a round shuttle in Baghdad,

his campaign to separate dialogues with the three presidencies and heads of political blocs and ambassadors of the States concerned in Iraq; Lint Committee of the National Alliance, which met the Kurdish delegation, that the parties agreed to continue dialogue within the framework of the Constitution to resolve all outstanding problems.

The head of the delegation of the National Alliance Amer Khuzaie in a joint press conference with the Kurdish delegation on Sunday evening Sunday: «During these days we had several meetings with the Kurdish delegation; to study the outstanding issues between the Center and the region, and discussed the issues of political and social», and pointed to « The seriousness of dialogue within the framework of the Iraqi constitution, and reached the approaches, and agreed to continue dialogue, whether in Baghdad or Erbil », revealing« a new meeting between the Center and the region after two weeks »,

and stressed that« a lot of outstanding issues were touched in an atmosphere of understandings » . For his part, the head of the Kurdish delegation Rose Nuri Shaways: "In our meetings with the Prime Minister and the National Alliance, especially the last meeting in the current session was a debate
on many issues, and put problems and solutions

According to the views of the parties ».

He explained that« the meeting was characterized by affection and was an open dialogue in which we discussed a lot of problems and in particular the political and executive problems outstanding and the accumulation could lead to crises are not in favor of the components of the
Iraqi
people ».

Attitude change to, the Kurdish bloc change considered that the Kurdistan region delegation which visited Baghdad «partisan delegation» does not represent the orientations of the Kurdish people, noting that any decision taken by «non – binding».

"The Kurdistan region is going through a difficult political and economic stage that requires finding an appropriate formula for dialogue with a view to resolving the outstanding issues between the region and Baghdad," said the head of the parliamentary Change Bloc in a press statement on Monday . "We hoped that this dialogue would be through national institutions, Movement for Change to be established since.

http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=143127

Federal Court decides unconstitutional 18 articles in the budget

08/22/2017

The head of the Independent Electoral Commission
Baghdad / Al-Sabah

The Federal Supreme Court on Monday issued a decision on the appeal against some articles of the federal budget law for the current year.


The Director of the Information Office of the Federal Supreme Court Ias Samok, in a statement: "The court held a hearing yesterday under the chairmanship of Judge Medhat al-Mahmoud to consider the appeal contained in some articles of the Federal Budget Law No. 44 of 2017."

"The Court decided to rule on the unconstitutionality of articles 2 (I / F), 8 / V, 11 / III, 11 / V / C, 11 / V / D, (A), (ii), (xiii), (viii), (viii) (B), 48 (ii), (49), (56), (57) and (59) ".

Samuk pointed out that "the ruling on the unconstitutionality of these articles came because the House of Representatives has exceeded the competencies contained in Article (62) of the Constitution on the law of the budget and increased financial burdens on the draft submitted by the Council of Ministers without returning to it."

"The Court responded to the challenge for articles 11 / VI, 18 / C, 18 / D, 42 / (47), (48), (53), the fact that the House of Representatives did not exceed its powers regarding its legislation and did not impose financial burdens or increase the deficit.

He continued the director of the Information Office that "the court responded to the third person is the head of the Independent Electoral Commission in addition to his job, which intervened in a nutshell regarding the unconstitutionality of Article (18 / e) of the budget law."

He pointed out that "the decision came in the light of the review of the contested material and the petition and its annexes and defenses of the defendant in addition to his job and the three persons beside them and after returning to the report of the five experts unanimously issued and read the constitutional articles governing the subject of the dispute, especially Article (62) of the Constitution.

The director of the media office confirmed that "the court found after the examination of the report that it met the task assigned to the experts and the reason and reason and went to adopt a reason to judge the case based on the provisions of Article 140 of the Law of Evidence No. 107 of 1979, The Constitution’s articles on the budget. "

The details of the decision of the Federal Supreme Court regarding the articles contested by its unconstitutionality, according to the statement of the Information Office of the Court:
In the context of the appeal contained in Article (2 / I / F) of the budget, which obligates the government to issue treasury bonds to pay the amounts owed to the oil producing or natural gas provinces,
which the Ministry of Finance estimated to be about 10 trillion trillions except interest.

By the government and thus increase the deficit of the general budget and this text out of the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution because it was placed without reference to the Council of Ministers in that.


2
. In the matter of the appeal contained in Article (8 / V) of the Budget Law, which includes allocating a percentage of the allocations of the federal ground forces to the Iraqi army and considering them under this text of the security forces and not part of the land forces. Moreover, the text did not restrict the number of Peshmerga forces Which leads to an increase in the financial burden of the budget, so this text is a departure from the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution, because it was drawn from the House of Representatives without reference to the Council of Ministers in that.

3 –
In response to the appeal contained in Article (11 / III) of the Budget Law, which added the Ministries of Migration and Displaced and Electricity to the excluded entities from the suspension of appointments by filling the vacant grades resulting from the movement of owners that have not been allocated in the budget of 2017, To the Council of Ministers and that this constitutes a violation of the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

4 – With regard to the appeal contained in Article (11 / V / C) of the budget,

which authorized ministries and other bodies to keep the vacant grades due to the movement of owners that have not been allocated in the budget of 2017, resulting in the appointment of an increase in public expenditure in exchange for payment of salaries to those who occupy these Without reference to the Council of Ministers and that the development of this text constitutes a violation of the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

5.
In the case of the appeal referred to in Article 11 (V / D) of the Budget Law, which limited the appointment in grades (c) of the labor force allocated to the Ministry of Interior to governorates and areas liberated from terrorism to its children, Opportunities between Iraqis as stipulated in articles 14 and 16 of the Constitution and constitute a violation of them.

6
– With regard to the appeal contained in Article (12 / I) of the Budget Law, which raised the ceiling of authorization issued by the Minister to the Governor after what was specified in the draft budget (10) billion dinars, and that the Council of Representatives (raising the ceiling) With the provisions of Article (123) of the Constitution and Article (47) thereof, where the executive authority is competent in this procedure and does not have the legislative authority, and also contradicts the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

7
– With regard to the appeal contained in the text of Article (14 / V) of the Budget Law, which committed the ministries and authorities to the Council of Ministers Resolution No. (347) for the year 2015, which was not mentioned in the draft law and its inclusion in the Budget Law would restrict the Council of Ministers to cancel or modify it depending on the circumstances The Council of Representatives has violated the provisions of Article 47 of the Constitution as well as its powers stipulated in Article 62 of the Constitution.

8
– With regard to the appeal contained in Article (18 / e) of the Budget Law, which authorized the Independent High Electoral Commission to contract with the staff of the registration centers and the staff of the Political Parties and Organizations Department without there being any allocations in the budget which would result in an increase of the financial expenses of the general budget and without reference to the Council The Minister, the formulation of this provision constitutes a violation of the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

9
– With regard to the appeal contained in Article (18 / f) of the Budget Law, which obligates the Pension Authority to pay pension benefits to all those who have been referred to retirement without (50) of the age of employees of companies and self-financed general directorates that receive a grant from the Treasury The Ministry of Finance is obliged to pay their pension contributions to the Pension Fund.

The advanced text is drawn from the Council of Representatives without reference to the Council of Ministers, although it arranges an increase in public expenditure and increases the fiscal deficit in the federal budget for 2017.

Be challenged The constitutionality of the text is found in article 62 (second) of the Constitution, and this is what the experts have determined in their report in paragraph (12) and the direction otherwise violates the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution. However, 18 / f) of the Budget Law needs legal treatment from the government to whom it is referred to

10
– With regard to the appeal contained in Article (26) of the budget, which the House of Representatives added to the necessary Ministry of Finance before the issuance of remittances or treasury bonds at the request of the Ministry of Oil to present this issue to the House of Representatives to take his consent, and find the Federal Supreme Court that this is a repetition For ratification, which was within the ratification of the budget as well as a delay in the issuance of the violations and in violation of Article (47) of the Constitution, which requires the separation of powers in terms of competencies.

11
. In the appeal of article 27 (a) of the Budget Law, which added that official purchases should be directed to the local producer, although these products (local) are 10% higher than the imported product, To deficit in the budget without reference to the Council of Ministers and this is a violation of the provisions (62) of the Constitution.

12
. In the context of article 33 (I) of the Budget Law, which stipulates the reallocation of the amount deducted (3.8%) of the total salaries and allowances of state employees, the public sector and retirees, this means the repetition of the allocation, Constitutes a conflict with the provisions of Article (62) of the Constitution. This happened without reference to the Council of Ministers.

13
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (35 / A / B) of the Budget Law, which was distributed on the exemptions contained therein within the government project, and this arranged a reduction in budget revenues and an increase in deficit without reference to the Council of Ministers. Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

In the matter of the appeal contained in Article (48 / second) of the Budget Law, which provides for a set-off between the debts of the ministries and entities with the profits of the company, the distribution of the petroleum products which belong to the Ministry of Finance and which constitute a supplier in the payment of their financial obligations. Treasury imports constitute a burden on the budget and this without reference to the Council of Ministers contrary to the provisions of Article (62) of the Constitution.

15
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (49) of the Budget Law, which abolished amounts allocated to the Ministry of Displacement and Migration and the establishment of a new expense, covering fees and interest for real estate loans granted by the Real Estate Bank to the citizens of some of the provinces that have been damaged by terrorist acts and that this constitutes an outlet for the exit of budget funds Was not in the government project,

and it is necessary to fill the out of the allocations of the Ministry of Displacement and Migration of the Ministry of Finance because of the need for these amounts at the Ministry of Displacement and Migration, thus increasing the fiscal deficit and that was without reference to the Council of Ministers so the text is contrary to The provisions of the text (62 / second) of the Constitution.

16
With regard to the appeal contained in Article (56) of the budget, which includes the allocation of part of the revenues of the border crossing points for the rehabilitation of the infrastructure and the surrounding areas, and that these revenues are originally allocated to the general budget and taken part of it to another bank that constitutes a budget deficit and that is a violation of And that this happened without reference to the Council of Ministers and the status of this article got a violation of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

17
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (57) of the Budget Law, which includes the amendment of the interest rate for loans granted by the Agricultural Bank to the peasants without reference to the Council of Ministers, it would reduce the revenues of the budget and constitutes a deficit, and this violates Article 62 / II of the Constitution.

18
. In the matter of the appeal contained in Article (59) of the Budget Law, which involves transferring (220) billion dinars from the total of the Ministry of Finance and (50) billion dinars from the Ministry of Defense of the investment amount, this would delay the payment of the Basrah gas dues, Electricity, in addition to the fact that these transfers lead to a deficit in allocations of armament to the Ministry of Defense to pay the amount of contracts amounting to (50) billion dinars,

where the amounts can be offset only by the addition of new amounts and this arranges new financial burdens on the Treasury contribute to increase the deficit and that these transfers The effects were amplified by increasing the dough In the budget without reference to the Council of Ministers contrary to the provisions of Article (62) of the Constitution.

19
. With regard to the appeal referred to in Article 11 (VI) of the Budget Law, which provides for the renewal of contracts and the calculation of the retirement period for those who are permanently employed after 9/4/2003,

for the purposes of remuneration, promotion and retirement, the Court finds that the said text was drawn up by the House of Representatives What is stated in the previous budgets arranges an increase in the allocated amounts calculated on the basis of a proportion of the salary without reference to the Council of Ministers in this increase and also arranges an increase in the share of the State of the pension stops and therefore it constitutes a violation of the provisions of Article 62 second of the Constitution,

but the provision of unconstitutionality As is the request of the plaintiff in addition to the Which would lead to a breach of the balance between the employees and the difference of their legal status for those who were proven during the implementation of the previous financial budgets from 2015 and below and creates disparities in salaries and other rights of those with the same specifications and conditions.

Therefore, the request to rule unconstitutionality Article 11 VI contrary to the provisions of Articles (14)

20
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article 18 (c) of the Budget Law, which includes the suspension of appointments in the three presidencies and the related parties, and the prohibition of transfer and placement, the Supreme Federal Court finds that this article did not exceed the provisions of Article 62 / II of the Constitution, And reduce the disbursement of expenditures, it is known that the salaries of the three presidencies exceed the salaries of the rest of the staff.

21
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (18 / D) of the Budget Law, which includes allowing those who have university degrees from the employees of the Ministry of the Interior to the ministries and departments other than the three presidencies, the Federal Supreme Court finds that this article did not exceed the provisions of Article 62 / The Constitution,

because this transfer was with the consent of the Ministers or the two Presidents concerned and not disagreement with their consent and that will support the competencies in the ministries and official bodies to which the transfer of those associates, and the text limited to the Ministry of Interior only and therefore does not arrange the text increase in expenses.

22
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (24 / C) of the budget, which includes granting the ministries and other parties and provincial councils to impose new fees and services except for the sovereign fees and the allocation of 50% of them to the administrative units that have been collected,

the Federal Supreme Court finds that this text does not arrange An increase in financial expenditures because the application of granting the ratio mentioned to the administrative units for the first time during the implementation of the budget of 2017 and this percentage is not within the resources of the budget when the budget, this text does not exist when the budget, so this text does not conflict with the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution.

23
. With regard to the appeal contained in the text of Article 32 / V / F of the Budget Law, which obligates the Iraqi authorities to require that Iraq obtain its entitlements from the administrative budget in the Arab and international organizations in return for paying the financial obligations of these organizations,

the Federal Supreme Court finds that it was established as a legislative option Of the House of Representatives in accordance with its legislative powers to preserve the rights of Iraq in the posts and administrative positions in those organizations and it does not conflict with the provisions of Article (62) of the Constitution.

24
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article 32 / V / G of the Budget Law, which includes the request of the Ministry of Finance to study the feasibility of the contributions of the Iraqi Fund for Foreign Development of foreign companies and submit a report to the Council of Ministers to take the position in favor of Iraq, the Federal Supreme Court finds that this article Iraq and does not conflict with Article 62 / II of the Constitution as a mere recommendation to the Council of Ministers.

25
. In response to Article 47 of the Budget Law, which contains transfers of operational allocations to unions, clubs and unions, except international contributions and conferences to the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, to prepare rehabilitation programs for children in affected areas, widows and orphans.

This power of the House of Representatives does not conflict with the provisions of Article (62 / II) of the Constitution and is consistent with the current circumstances of Iraq.

26
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (48 / I) of the Budget Law, which obliged the Federal Government, including the Ministry of Oil, to review contracts of oil licensing rounds by amending the terms of those contracts in favor of Iraq, the Federal Supreme Court finds that the status of this article is within the powers of the Legislative Council In contradiction with the provisions of Article (62 / II) and does not cost the government financial burdens outside the budget allocations.

27
. With regard to the appeal contained in Article (53) of the Budget Law, which includes the necessity of purchasing medical supplies for the provision of treatment services to citizens instead of carrying money and hardships to travel outside Iraq, the Supreme Federal Court finds that the subject matter of the appeal is within the jurisdiction of the Council of Representatives and does not conflict with the provisions of Article 62 / II) of the

Constitution.

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